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Note for Building Materials and Building Construction - BMBC by PREM NARAYAN KUMAR

  • Building Materials and Building Construction - BMBC
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BUILDING MATERIALS

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BUILDING MATERIALS (THIRD REVISED EDITION) 5. K. Duggal B.E., M.E., Ph.D. Professor and Head Civil Engineering Department Motilal Nehru Institute of Technology Allahabad (U.P.) PUBLISHING FOR ONE WORLD NEW AGE INTERNATIONAL (P) LIMITED, PUBLISHERS New Dclhl • Bangalorc • Chcnnai • Cochin • Guwahati • Hydcrabad Jalandhar > Kolkata • Lucknow • Mumbai • Ranch: Visit LIS at www.newagepublishers.com

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CONTENTS Preface to the Third Edition Preface to the Second Edition Preface to the First Edition 1. Principal Properties of Building Materials 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Physical Properties 1.3 Mechanical Properties 1.4 Characteristic Behaviour under Stress Exercises 2. Structural Clay Products 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Clay and its Classifications 2.3 Physical Properties of Clays 2.4 Bricks 2.5 Classification of Bricks 2.6 Characteristics of Good Brick 2.7 Ingredients of Good Brick Earth 2.8 Harmful Substances in Brick Earth 2.9 Manufacturing of Bricks 2.10 Different Forms of Bricks 2.11 Testing of Bricks 2.12 Defects of Bricks 2.13 Heavy Duty Burnt Clay Bricks (IS: 2180) 2.14 Burnt Clay Perforated Bricks (IS : 2222) 2.15 Burnt Clay Paving Bricks (IS : 3583) 2.16 Burnt Clay Soling Bricks (IS : 5779) 2.17 Burnt Clay Hollow Blocks (IS : 3952) 2.18 Burnt Clay Jallis (IS: 7556) 2.19 Clay Tiles 2.21 Fire-clay Bricks or Refractory Bricks 2.22 Terracotta v vi vii 1 1 2 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 11 14 14 15 16 24 26 29 30 30 31 31 32 32 33 39 40

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x Building Materials 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 Porcelain Stoneware Earthenware Majolica Glazing Application of Clay Products Exercises Objective Type Questions 41 42 42 42 42 43 44 45 3. Rocks and Stones 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Rock-forming Minerals 3.3 Classification of Rocks 3.4 Quarrying of Stones 3.5 Natural Bed of Stone 3.6 Seasoning of Stone 3.7 Dressing of Stone 3.8 Uses of Stones 3.9 Characteristics of good Building Stone 3.10 Testing of Stones 3.11 Deterioration of Stones 3.12 Durability of Stones 3.13 Preservation of Stones 3.14 Selection of Stones 3.15 Common Building Stones 3.16 Artificial Stones 3.17 Applications of Stones Exercises Objective Type Questions 52 52 53 57 59 63 63 65 66 67 68 75 77 77 78 78 81 81 83 85 4. Wood and Wood Products 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Classification of Trees 4.3 Growth of Trees 4.4 Classification of Timber (IS: 399) 4.5 Structure of Timber 4.6 Characteristics of good Timber 4.7 Seasoning of Timber 4.8 Defects in Timber 4.9 Diseases of Timber 4.10 Decay of Timber 4.11 Preservation of Timber (IS: 401) 4.12 Fire Resistance of Timber 4.13 Testing of Timber (IS: 1708) 4.14 Suitability of Timber for Specific Uses 4.15 Properties of Wood 4.16 Wood Products 91 91 92 92 93 95 96 96 98 101 101 103 107 108 121 123 128

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