UNIT 3 - Basic Processing Unit
Overview Instruction Set Processor (ISP) Central Processing Unit (CPU) A typical computing task consists of a series of steps specified by a sequence of machine instructions that constitute a program. An instruction is executed by carrying out a sequence of more rudimentary operations.
Some Fundamental Concepts
Fundamental Concepts Processor fetches one instruction at a time and perform the operation specified. Instructions are fetched from successive memory locations until a branch or a jump instruction is encountered. Processor keeps track of the address of the memory location containing the next instruction to be fetched using Program Counter (PC). Instruction Register (IR)