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# Note for Course of Action - CA By Placement Factory

• Course of Action - CA
• Note
• Logical Reasoning
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Statements Course of Action Description Assessing courses of action is a major area of consistent thinking. This is a customary element in Bank examine exams. This sort of questions is planned to examine the choice – making abilities of the applicant. Typically, the directions of the questions will be long and understanding them in the examination hall is time consuming . Subsequently, understanding the question arrangement is of almost significance. Concept General idea of question is one statement is followed by two courses of action. As per the given instruction, candidate has to select which course of action is suitable. There are two varieties of questions. They are: 1. Problem – solution relation: is given and need to suggest about course of action i.e. course of action is nothing but directly an immediate solution.      course of action/solution must be practically viable – it must be easily implemented. It must be a solution or it must solve the problem or it should minimize the problem. It must be established fact. It must be logically correct. Solution must not be too remote for the problem/ correlated with given situation. 2. Fact – situation and improvement: Here, no need to find solution infact need to find solution for improving that.   Solution must be a practical suggestion for improving the situation. It must provide some scope of improvement. Format of the problem: Directions:- In the questions a fact statement is given followed by two recommended courses of action numbered I and II. On the basis of information given in the statement, need to assume everything in the statement to be true. Then choose which of the given actions follows. Options: (a) If only course of action I follows. (b) If only course of action II follows. (c) If both the course of action follow. (d) If neither follows. (e) If the data given is inadequate i.e., if in the light of the given information. It cannot be asserted with certainty whether a course of action follows or not.

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NOTE: In a large portion of the cases, a circumstance has more than one course of action. Be that as it may, they are never exclusive to each other. So, answer should be always “both follow” and not “either of them follows”. Normally there will be two broad types of pattern in such questions: 1. Problem and Solution based: When the presented situation talks of a problem and the suggested course of action talk of a solution.    It solves / reduces of minimize the problem the solution or course of action is practically Possible. A suggested course of actions can be said to solve/reduce/minimize, the problem. When; (a) It is an established fact. ie, It is acknowledged universally as a fact. Note: A suggested course of action may indeed solve a problem but in practical life it may not be advisable or possible. If it is so, then the course of action is rejected. For e.g. – Statement: A large number of people in ward X of the city are diagnosed to be suffering from a fatal malaria type. Courses of Action: I. The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in ward X. 1. The people in the area should be advised to take steps to avoid mosquito bites. (1). Only I follows (2). Only II follows (3). Either I or II follows (4). Neither I nor II follows (5). Both I and II follow Answer is (5) - Clearly, prevention from mosquitoes and elimination of mosquitoes are two ways to prevent malaria. The action will reduce the problem. So, both the courses follow. 2. Fact and Improvement based: When the presented situations talks of a simple fact (not a problem, just a situation) and the suggested courses of action suggest ways of improvement.

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Format of the Problem: These types of questions contain two or more statement and these statements are followed by the number of Courses of Action. You have to find which Course of Action will logically follow from the given statement. For e.g.Statement: Exporters in the capital are alleging that commercial banks are violating a Reserve Bank of India directive to operate a post shipment export credit denominated in foreign currency at international rates from January this year. Courses of Action: I. The officers concerned in the commercial banks are to be suspended. 1. II. The RBI should be asked to stop giving such directives to commercial banks. (1)Only I follows (2) Only II follows (3) Either I or II follows (4) Neither I nor II follows (5) Both I and II follow Answers (4) - The statement mentions that the commercial banks violate a directive issued by the RBI. The remedy is only to make the banks implement the Act. So, none of the courses follows. Steps to Solve What is the approach to solve the questions of this section? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Don’t make your individual perception. Act according to the rules of any organization. Go for impartial and personal thinking. Existing practices are not effective Course of Action. Whenever problem arises, it is always sensible course of action to find out the cause. Important Points to proceed step by step to reach final courses of action: 1. Extreme or strict action is not valid course of action. 2. The actions should be a positive step towards the solution of the problem, rather harsh and undemocratic.

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3. Analyses course of action whether it will solve the problem or lessen it. For proper analysis check with (i) Universal truth (ii) Experience (iii) Logic 4. Check out practical course of action. Simple problem must have simple course of action, not a complex one which might create more problem than to solve or reduce. 5. In most of the cases, a situation has more than one course of action. But they are never exclusive to each other. So our answer should be always "both follow" and not "either of them follows". 6. If course of action and problems are properly balanced and if the course of action is also feasible than that action can be followed. Sample Questions 1. Statement : Youngsters are often found staring at obscene posters. Courses of Action : 1. I) Children should be punished and penalized if they are found doing so. 2. II) Any display of such materials should be banned. (1) Only I follows (2) Only II follows (3) Either I or II follows (4) Neither I nor II follows (5) Both I and II follow Ans (2) only II follows. Explanation: Bad things attract more and punishment after the act has been committed is no remedy. The act should be prevented so only II follows. 2. Statement: Footpaths of a busy road are crowded with vendors selling cheap items. Courses of Action : 1. I) The help of police should be sought to drive them away. 2. II) Some space should be provided to them where they can earn their bread without blocking footpaths.