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# Note for Boats and Streams - BS by Placement Factory

• Boats and Streams - BS
• Note
• Quantitative Aptitude
• Placement Preparation
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Ex: Find the time taken by a man to swim 6 km against the direction of stream. Speed of the man in still water is 6 km/h and speed of the stream is 3 km/h. Speed of the man in still water = 6 km/h Speed of the stream = 3 km/h Distance to swim = 6 km Upstream Speed of the man = (B - S) = (6 - 3) km/h = 3 km/h Time taken =  = Dis tance   6  2hours  Time  Speed  3  When upstream and downstream speed of boat or swimmer given. 1. Speed of boat or swimmer in still water = 2. Speed of the stream = 1 (Downstream speed + Upstream speed) 2 1 (Downstream speed – Upstream speed) 2 As mentioned in the previous two points, the downstream speed and upstream speed of boat or swimmer is (B + S) and (B - S) respectively. 1 1 Speed of boat or swimmer in still water = (Downstream speed + Upstream speed) = (B + S + B - S) = B 2 2 1 1 1 Speed of river = (Downstream speed - Upstream speed) = ((B + S) – (B - S)) = (B + S – B + S) = S 2 2 2 Formulae: Speed of boat or swimmer in still water = B, Speed of the stream = S, 1. Downstream Speed of boat or swimmer = (B + S) 2. Upstream Speed of boat or swimmer = (B - S) 3. Speed of boat or swimmer in still water = 4. Speed of the stream = 1 (Downstream speed + Upstream speed) 2 1 (Downstream speed – Upstream speed) 2 Authored by Shiva Prasad Dumpa

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Model questions:  The speed of a boat in still water is B km/h and the speed of stream is S km/h. The time taken by the boat to reach a certain place and come back to its initial position is T. 1. Find distance between the two places. 2. Find average speed of the boat. Sol: Speed of the boat in still water = B km/h Speed of the stream = S km/h In this situation, the boat travels along the stream and also against the stream, Downstream speed of the boat = (B + S) km/h Upstream speed of the boat = (B - S) km/h Let the time taken by the boat to reach the place is T1, assume that it is downstream movement. Let the time taken by the boat to return back to the initial position from that place is T2, assume that it is upstream movement. Let distance between two places be D. So, Downstream speed =  (B  S)  Upstream speed  (B  S)  = D D  T1  T1 B  S  D D  T2  T2 B  S  The total time taken to reach back to initial position = T = T1 + T2 Therefore, T = T  T 1  T 2  D D  B  S  B  S  Authored by Shiva Prasad Dumpa

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  1  BS B S  1  2B   D    D   D 2 2  B  S  B  s     B  S  B  s    B S    T B2  S2 2B    T  D D  2 2  2B  B S                 T B2  S2  D  2B =  T T  1   Average speed of the boat = 1. Distance between the two places is D   B  S 2. Average speed of the boat =   2B  2  2  T B2  S2     2 2   B  S     =     2B     2B   The speed of a swimmer in still water is B km/h and the speed of stream is S km/h. The time taken by the swimmer to swim same distance in downstream is T1 and in upstream is T2. Find the ratio of speed of a swimmer to the speed of stream. Sol: Speed of swimmer in still water = B km/h Speed of stream = S km/h Downstream speed of the swimmer = (B + S) km/h Upstream speed of the swimmer = (B - S) km/h Let the distance = D, Downstream speed = = D D  B  S   T1 T1 Upstream speed = D D  B  S   T2 T2 = Authored by Shiva Prasad Dumpa

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Therefore,  D   B  S T 1,D   B  S T 2   B  S  T 1   B  S T 2  BT 1  ST 1  BT 2  ST 2  ST 1  ST 2  BT 2  BT 1  S T 1  T 2   B T 2  T 1   B T 1  T 2   S T 2  T 1  B T 1  T 2  The ratio of speed of the swimmer to the speed of stream =  S T 2  T 1  Points to remember: Speed of boat or swimmer in still water = B, Speed of the stream = S, 1. If the total time taken by the boat to row a distance of D and reach back to its initial position is T Then, I. Distance between the two places is D   B  S Average speed of the boat =   2B  2 II. 2    T B2  S2  2B   2. If the time taken by the boat to row same distance in downstream is T1 and in upstream is T2. B T 1  T 2  Then, the ratio of speed of the boat to the speed of stream =  S T 2  T 1  Authored by Shiva Prasad Dumpa