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FORMULAS FOR PERIMETER, AREA, SURFACE, VOLUME Shapes Formulas Rectangle Area = Length X Width A = lw Perimeter = 2 X Lengths + 2 X Widths P = 2l + 2w Parallelogram Area = Base X Height A = bh Perimeter = add the length of all sides P = 2a + 2b Triangle Area = 1/2 of the base X the height A= bh Perimeter = a + b + c (add the length of the three sides) Trapezoid Area = 1/2 of the base X the height A=( )h Perimeter = add lengths of all sides P = a + b1 + b2 + c Circle Radius = the distance from the center to a point on the circle (r). Diameter = the distance between two points on the circle through the center (d = 2r). Circumference = the distance around the circle (C = d = 2r). (Assume ≈ 3.14) Area = r2 Rectangular Solid Volume = Length X Width X Height V = lwh Surface = 2lw + 2lh + 2wh Edited by Joanna Gutt-Lehr, PIN Learning Lab, 2007 http://math.about.com/library/blmeasurement.htm

FORMULAS FOR PERIMETER, AREA, SURFACE, VOLUME Prisms Volume = Base X Height V = bh Surface = 2b + Ph (b is the area of the base P is the perimeter of the base) Cylinder Volume = r2 X height V = r2 h Surface = 2 radius X height S = 2rh + 2r2 Pyramid Volume = 1/3 area of the base X height V= bh b is the area of the base Surface Area: Add the area of the base to the sum of the areas of all of the triangular faces. The areas of the triangular faces will have different formulas for different shaped bases. Cones Volume = 1/3 area of the base x height V= r2h Surface S = r2 + rs =r2+r√ Sphere Volume V= r3 Surface S = 4r2 Edited by Joanna Gutt-Lehr, PIN Learning Lab, 2007 http://math.about.com/library/blmeasurement.htm

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