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Note for Professional Ethics - PE by Engineering Kings

  • Professional Ethics - PE
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GE 6075 PROFESSIONAL ETHICIN ENGINEERING UNIT 1 MORAL VALUES AND ETHICS Scope: Engineering is transforming science into useful products for human comfort. Engineering is something that engineers do, and what they do has profound effects on others. Ethics in engineering then is the ability as well as responsibility of an engineer to judge his decisions from the context of the general wellbeing of the society. It is the study of moral issues that confront engineers and engineering organizations when some crucial decisions are taken. Engineering research and practice requires that the task being performed considers all the pros and cons of a certain action and its implementation. Professional engineering bodies like IEEE, ASME, IEI etc., have evolved comprehensive ethics codes relevant to their respective professions, based on the rich experience of their members. Independent organizations like NSPE have prepared value based ethical codes applicable to all engineering professions. Teaching engineering ethics in academic institutions is undertaken largely through many case studies for creating awareness interactively among engineering students of all disciplines. By studying engineering ethics, the students develop awareness and assessment skill of the likely impact of their future decisions on moral and ethical grounds. Ethical standards in engineering are influenced by many factors: 1.Engineering as an experimentation for the good of mankind is a notable factor involving far reaching consequence, 2. Ethical dilemmas make engineering decisions relatively difficult to make. 3. Risk and safety of citizens as a social responsibility is a prime concern of an engineer, 4. Technological advancement can be very demanding on the engineering skill in the global context, 5. Moral values and responsible conduct will play a crucial role in decision making. The study of engineering ethics within an engineering program helps students prepare for their professional lives. A specific advantage for engineering students who learn about ethics is that they develop clarity in their understanding and thought about ethical issues and the practice in which they arise. The study of ethics helps students to develop widely applicable skills in communication, reasoning and reflection. These skills enhance students' abilities and help them engage with other aspects of the engineering program such as group work and work placements. Professional ethics Profession is a commitment to a designated and organized occupation by virtue of being an authority over a body of knowledge with requisite skills acquired through

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specialized training. An occupation becomes a profession when a group of people sharing the same occupation work together in a morally acceptable way with members setting and following a certain ethics code. A professional is a practitioner belonging to a specific profession. Professional ethics, as opposed to personal values and morality, is a set of ethical standards and values a practicing engineer is required to follow. It sets the standards for professional practice, and is only learned in a professional school or while practicing ones own profession. Today, it is an essential part of professional education because it helps students deal with issues they will face. The scope of engineering ethics envelopes diverse activities like 1. Engineering as a social experimentation 2. Engineers responsibility for safety 3. Role of engineers, managers, consultants etc. 4. Rights of engineers 5. Moral reasoning and ethical theories 6. Responsibility to employers 7. Global issues and concerns The best way to teach engineering ethics is by using case studies—not just the disaster cases that make the news, but the kinds of cases that an engineer is more likely to encounter. Many real time cases are available or some hypothetical cases can be constructed and there are methods for analyzing them. Engineering ethics can be taught in a free-standing course, but there are strong arguments for introducing ethics in technical courses as well. If the subject of professional ethics is how members of a profession should, or should not, affect others in the course of practicing their profession, then engineering ethics is an essential aspect of engineering itself and education in professional responsibilities should be part of professional education in engineering, just as it is in law and medicine. Professional Codes of Ethics A code of ethics prescribes how professionals are to pursue their common ideal so that each may do the best at a minimal cost to oneself and those they care about. The code is to protect each professional from certain pressures (for example, the pressure to cut corners to save money) by making it reasonably likely (and more likely then otherwise) that most other members of the profession will not take advantage. A code is a solution to a coordination problem. A professional has obligations to the employer, to customers, to other professionals- colleagues with specific expectations of reciprocity. Individual Responsibility: An individual in his professional capacity has responsibility for the regular tasks he is assigned, for the outcomes of the actions and decisions. A professional is answerable and liable for the actions. He should have the capacity and moral strength to defend his actions/decisions. Individuals may fail for one or the other of the following reasons: 1. failure to meet

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minimum appropriate standards or falling very much below expectations due to negligence, 2. deliberate underperformance

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INTEGERITY AND WORK ETHIC MORALITY AND ETHICS • • • • ot. in • Concerns the goodness of voluntary human conduct that affects the self or other living things Morality (Latin mores) usually refers to any aspect of human action Ethics (Greek ethos) commonly refers only to professional behavior Ethics consist of the application of fundamental moral principles and reflect our dedication to fair treatment of each other, and of society as a whole. An individual‟s own values can result in acceptance or rejection of society‟s ethical standards because even thoughtfully developed ethical rules can conflict with individual values. ASPECTS OF ETHICS sp There are two aspects to ethics:  The first involves the ability to discern right from wrong, good from evil and propriety from impropriety.  The second involves the commitment to do what is right, good and proper. Ethics entails action. Ci vil da ta s.b log HUMAN VALUES; MORALS, VALUES AND ETHICS For understanding of how in order for individuals, organizations and societies to endure and function effectively, it is essential that an individual's positive exalting forces be rediscovered and revitalized. Human values embrace the entire range of values pertinent to the human condition, interest, behavior, and aspiration. While laws are a set of rules for personal or corporate behavior and working against such rules will attract recrimination and punishment, morals on the other hand are a set of standards for personal behavior and ethics are a set of standards for professional behavior. Morals and ethics are self imposed or regulated and voluntary when broadly interpreted. Work ethic Work ethic is a set of values based on hard work and diligence. It is also a belief in the moral benefit of work and its ability to enhance character. A work ethic may include being reliable, having initiative, or pursuing new skills. Workers exhibiting a good work ethic in theory should be selected for better positions, more responsibility and ultimately promotion. Workers

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