DEFINITION: Adjective is the word which is used to modify noun or pronoun. There are five kinds of adjective as follow. 1) Possessive Adjective 2) Descriptive Adjective 3) Numeral Adjective 4) Demonstrative Adjective 5) Interrogative Adjective 1) POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE DEFINITION: Possessive Adjective is the adjective which is used to point out the noun that belongs to someone and there are seven Possessive Adjectives. They are My, Your, Our, Their, His, Her and Its. Example: - This is my book. - Your car is outside. - His girl friend is waiting 2) DESCRIPTIVE ADJECTIVE DEFINITION: Descriptive Adjective is the adjective that is used to tell the sorts of noun or quality. Example: - He is a tall man. - They are good students. - She is a beautiful girl. 3) NUMERAL ADJECTIVE DEFINITION: Numeral Adjective is the adjective which is used to show the number of noun. There are three types of Numeral Adjective as follow. a) Definite Numeral Adjective b) Indefinite Numeral Adjective c) Distributive Numeral Adjective a) Definite Numeral Adjective DEFINITION: Definitive Numeral Adjective is the adjective that is used to denote an exact number of noun as first, second, third or one, two, three…. Example: - Ankor Wat is the seventh wonders of the world. - Ankor temple has got five towers. b) Indefinite Numeral Adjective DEFINITION: Indefinite Numeral Adjective is the adjective which is used to denote an inexact number of nouns as some, any, much, many, little, a few…. Example: - I have some friends here. - She has a few pictures. - He has got much money. b) Distributive Numeral Adjective DEFINITION: Descriptive Adjective is the adjective that is used to cache one noun. They are every, each, another, other... Example: - Each student is very friendly.
- They speak to another person. 4) DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVE DEFINITION: Demonstrative Adjective is the adjective which is used to point out the noun. They are this, these, that, and those. Example: - That man is very handsome. - These girls are good-looking. 5) INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVE DEFINITION: Interrogative Adjective is the adjective that is used to ask the question. They are where, what, which…. Example: - Which animal do you like? - Where doctor is he? - What food do you prefer? Adjective Exercises Find the adjective or adjectives that fit in each of the blanks best. 1. We visited the museum, where we saw ____________ artifacts. A. A lot of B. Ancient C. John’s D. A room filled with 2. I received ______________ awards at the ceremony today. A. The manager’s B. Two C. Information about D. Motivation at the 3. Please get me a bag of ____________ apples. A. Interesting B. Ripe red C. Oranges and D. Real 4. The president sat in a _______________ chair. A. Important B. Barber’s C. Funny
D. 5. Leather ________________ Weather is the norm in San Francisco. A. Blue B. Big C. Foggy D. The best Answer Key: 1. A – We visited the museum, where we saw ancient artifacts. 2. B – I received two awards at the ceremony today. 3. B – Please get me a bag of ripe red apples. 4. D – The president sat in a leather chair. 5. C – Foggy weather is the norm in San Francisco. Definition of Adjective Adjective can be defined as “Adjective is a word naming an attribute of a noun or pronoun, such as sweet, red, or technical.” What is Adjective and its Functions Adjectives are words which modify, identify or quantify nouns or pronouns. It is a parts of speech and provides more information about noun or pronoun in order to make a clear view of noun or pronoun in the reader's mind and create feeling about what writer has written. Adjective words are describing words such as black, handsome, fair, beautiful, bold, pretty, fierce, many, few, majestic, small, tall, blue, much, more, green, cute, red, smart, etc. Adjective words cannot stand on their own however used to describe nouns or pronouns or modify them. It provides specialty to the noun or pronoun. Number of rules govern the use of various types of adjectives in the sentence. It is very necessary to understand all the rules to be able to use adjectives to get advantage. For example: • • • There is a tall man. (in this example, 'tall' is an adjective because it describes man.) He was eating healthy food. (here ‘healthy’ is an adjective as it is describing food.) There are six persons in the house. (here ‘six’ is an adjective as it is telling the number of noun in the house.)
Types of Adjective Adjectives are of different types based upon its effect on the noun or pronoun. Various types of adjective are described below with proper definition and examples. 1) Adjective of Quality or Descriptive Adjective Adjective of quality is also known as descriptive adjective as it describes the nature and attribute of nouns or pronouns. They give quite better idea to understand the characteristics of noun or pronoun by answering the question. Descriptive adjectives are like honest, kind, large, bulky, thin, fat, beautiful, smart, ugly, etc. For Example: • • New Delhi is a large capital city of India having very old historical monuments. Neha is a thin and beautiful. 2) Adjective of Quantity Adjective of quantity shows the approximate amount of a noun or pronoun however do not provide exact numbers. It tells the amount of noun or pronoun in relative or whole terms. Such as; few, little, enough, all, many, half, no, great, etc. For Example: • • I have seen few people eating rice. Many people come every year to visit the fair. 3) Adjective of Number or Numeral Adjective Adjective of number is also known as numeral adjective. It indicates the number of nouns and their place in the sentence. Numeral adjective is categorized into three different sections which are described below: Definite Numeral Adjective Definite numeral adjectives are those adjectives which clearly show the exact number of nouns or its order. For example: One, two, three, four, twenty, thirty three, etc are known as cardinals. First, second, third, fourth, seventh, tenth, etc are known as ordinals. • • I saw two people playing football. It was tenth football match in the city.