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Note for English Communication Skills - ECS by Snigdha Tripathy

  • English Communication Skills - ECS
  • Note
  • Biju Patnaik University of Technology Rourkela Odisha - BPUT
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Pure vowels…. i: ɪ ʊ u: sheep ship book shoot e ə ɜ: ɔ: Left teacher her door æ ʌ ɑ: ɒ Hat up far on MODULE 2 Diphthongs…. ɪə eɪ here wait ʊə ɔɪ əʊ tourist Coin show eə aɪ aʊ hair Like mouth PHONETICS….. Consonants…. p b t d ʧ ʤ k g pea boat tree dog cheese joke coin go f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ free video thing this see zoo sheep television m n ŋ h l r w j mouse now thing hope love run we you Learning Pronunciation of English | Snigdha Tripathy

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Phonetics…. Chapter: 1 Introduction Communication is an integral part of human life. We tend to communicate naturally and with or without much effort. We communicate in order to share our ideas, inform or instruct others, entertain people around us, or motivate or persuade someone. Whatever we communicate is often important and we want that the receiver should understand our message as well as our intention behind the message properly. In order to make our communication effective, we need to know more about the way we communicate. As most of the time we communicate orally with others, we need to have a basic understanding of the sound system of the language (English) that we use, so that our oral messages are communicated effectively. Important terms in this module Phonetics: It is the study of the sound system of a language. Pronunciation: It refers to the way a word or a language is usually spoken; or the manner in which someone utters a word. Correct Pronunciation: A truly acceptable pronunciation is the one that allows the listener to understand the content of the message without being distracted by its form. Phoneme: It is a basic sound in a given language. IPA Symbols: International Phonetic Alphabet Symbols. There are 44 IPA Symbols in English and each of these symbols represents a sound. These 44 IPA sounds are divided into consonant and vowel sounds. There are 24 consonant sounds and 20 vowel sounds. Consonants Sounds: They are the sounds in English, during the production of which there is either a closure or a narrowing of the air passage in the mouth cavity. Vowel Sounds: In producing these sounds, there is no closure or narrowing made at any point in the mouth cavity. Stress: It is the degree of force with which we pronounce a word. Tone: It is the modulation of the voice that shows the attitude, approach, and intention of the speaker. Rhythm: It is a pattern of successive accented and unaccented syllables in an utterance or s sentence. Phonetics_by Snigdha Tripathy

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Tone Group: It is a group of words that share the same tone. The part of a sentence uttered in one breath. Nucleus/ Tonic Syllable: It is the syllable on which the tone begins. It is generally the last stressed syllable. Pitch: It is related to the frequency of vibration of sound waves. High-frequency sounds have a higher pitch while low-frequency sounds have a lower pitch. Intonation: The rise and fall in pitch is known as Intonation. It indicates the speaker’s attitude towards the listener/ the topic. **************************************************** Phonetics_by Snigdha Tripathy

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Consonant Sounds…. Chapter: 2 When a consonant sound is produced, the air flow from the lungs is either stopped very briefly in the mouth cavity before being released (e.g. the sound /p/ as in ‘pin’), or is allowed through a narrowed passage, causing friction that can be heard (e.g. the sound /s/ as in ‘silk’). The following chart shows how the 24 consonant sounds are used in different words: Sl. no 1 Phonemic Symbols /b/ Initial Middle Final box abroad Tub 2 /d/ day adore Said 3 /f/ fine affirm Enough 4 /g/ gold again League 5 /h/ hut behave Ah 6 /j/ yes student - 7 /k/ call echo Block 8 /l/ lamp collect Bottle 9 /m/ money company Column 10 /n/ nest sound Brain 11 /p/ please speak Deep 12 /r/ rose scream Over 13 /s/ soft biscuit Device 14 /t/ time better Beat 15 /v/ vine averse Forgive 16 /w/ water question - 17 /z/ zoo busy Birds 18 / tʃ / chalk future Attach 19 / ʃ/ shape pressure Crush 20 /ʤ/ jug magic Judge 21 /ʒ / genre pleasure Garage 22 /ð/ then father - 23 /θ/ thin method Oath 24 /ŋ/ - hanging Sing **************************************************** Phonetics_by Snigdha Tripathy

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