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Note for Design of Concrete Structures - DCS By Karthik M P

  • Design of Concrete Structures - DCS
  • Note
  • ssm institute of engineering and technology - ssmiet
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Design of Cantilever and Counterfort Retaining walls 1

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What is a Retaining wall? • Retaining walls are used to retain earth (or other material) in a vertical position at locations where an immediate change in ground level occurs. • The walls therefore prevents the retained earth from assuming its natural angle of repose. 2

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Backfill & Surcharge • The material retained or supported by a retaining wall is called backfill. • Backfill may have its top surface horizontal or inclined. • The position of the backfill lying above the horizontal plane at the elevation of top of wall is called surcharge & its inclination to the horizontal is called as Surcharge angle. 4

Lecture Notes