1. ELECTRONIC DEVICES
Define Electronics & its application.
The world's reliance on electronics is so great that commentators claim people live in an
"electronic age." People are surrounded by electronics—televisions, radios, computers, mobiles,
Laptop and DVD players, along with products with major electric components, such as
microwave ovens, refrigerators, and other kitchen appliances, automatic vehicles, Robotics, as
well as hearing aids and medical instruments and numerous applications in industry.
Definition: The branch of engineering which deals with current conduction through a Vacuum
or Gas or Semiconductor is known as Electronics. An electronic device is that in which current
flows through a vacuum or gas or semiconductor. This control of electrons is accomplished by
devices that resist, carry, select, steer, switch, store, manipulate, and exploit the electron.
Electronics deals with electrical circuits that involve active electrical components such as
vacuum tubes, transistors, diodes and integrated circuits, and associated passive
interconnection technologies. Commonly, electronic devices contain circuitry consisting
primarily or exclusively of active semiconductors supplemented with passive elements; such a
circuit is described as an electronic circuit.
Pre Knowledge (Some of the basic definitions):
Passive Components: Capable of operating without an external power source. Typical passive
components are resistors, capacitors, inductors.
Active components: Requiring a source of power to operate. Includes transistors (all types), integrated
circuits (all types), TRIACs, SCRs, LEDs, etc.
APPLICATIONS of Electronics:
Electronic components: capacitor (C), cathode ray tube (CTR), diode (D), digital signal
processor (DSP, field effect transistor (FET), integrated circuit (IC), junction gate field effect
transistor (JFET), inductor (L), Liquid crystal display (LCD), light dependent resistor (LDR, light
emitting diode (LED), Metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET), transistor
(Q), resistor (R), relay (RLA, RY), switch (SW), transformer (T), thermistor (TH), transistor
(Tr), integrated circuit (U, IC), variable capacitor (VC), variable resistor (VR) and more.
Consumer Electronics include products like – Audio Systems, Video Systems, TV (Television),
Computer, Laptop, Digital Camera, DVD Players, Home and Kitchen Appliances, GPS, Mobiles