BASICS OF RADAR: Introduction, Maximum unambiguous Range, Simple form of Radar Equation Radar
Block diagram and Operation Radar Frequencies and Applications, Prediction of Range Performance,
Minimum Detectable Signal, Receiver Noise, Modified Radar Range Equation, Illustrative problems
RADAR EQUATION: SNR, Envelope Detector, False Alarm Time and Probability, Integration of Radar Pulses,
Radar Cross Section of Targets (simple targets - sphere, cone-sphere), Transmitter Power, PRF and Range
Ambiguities, System Losses (qualitative treatment), Illustrative Problems.
CW AND FREQUENCY MODULATED RADAR: Doppler Effect, CW Radar – Block Diagram, Isolation
between Transmitter and Receiver, Non-zero IF Receiver, Receiver Bandwidth Requirements, Applications of CW
radar, Illustrative Problems.
FM-CW Radar, Range and Doppler Measurement, Block Diagram and Characteristics (Approaching/ Receding
Targets), FM-CW altimeter, Multiple Frequency CW Radar.
MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR: Introduction, Principle, MTI Radar with - Power Amplifier Transmitter
and Power Oscillator Transmitter, Delay Line Cancellers – Filter Characteristics, Blind Speeds, Double
Cancellation, And Staggered PRFs. Range Gated Doppler Filters, MTI Radar Parameters, Limitations to MTI
Performance, MTI versus Pulse Doppler radar.
TRACKING RADAR: Tracking with Radar, Sequential Lobing, Conical Scan, Monopulse Tracking Radar–
Amplitude Comparison Monopulse (one- and two coordinates), Phase Comparison Monopulse, Tracking in Range,
Acquisition and Scanning Patterns, Comparison of Trackers.
DETECTION OF RADAR SIGNALS IN NOISE: Introduction, Matched Filter Receiver – Response
Characteristics and Derivation, Correlation Function and Cross-correlation Receiver, Efficiency of Nonmatched
Filters, Matched Filter with Non-white Noise.
RADAR RECEIVERS: Noise Figure and Noise Temperature, Displays – types. Duplexers – Branch type and
Balanced type, Circulators as Duplexers. Introduction to Phased Array Antennas – Basic Concepts, Radiation
Pattern, Beam Steering and Beam Width changes, Series versus Parallel Feeds, Applications, Advantages and
1.Introduction to Radar Systems Merrill I Skolnik, TMH Special Indian Edition, 2nd edition, 2007
1. Introduction to radar systems-Merrill I.Skolnik 3rd Ed., TMH, 2001
2. Radar: Principles, Technology, Applications- Byron Edde, Pearson Education, 2004
3. Radar Principles- Peebles, Jr. P.Z Wiley, New York, 1998