B.Tech English 1ST YEAR – (SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS) JNTUH – R13
1. Describe construction of Krishna Sagar Dam ?
He was the driving force behind the construction of many major dams and water supply
schemes across the country. The famous Krishna Raja Sagar dam in Mysore is one of these.
Visvesvaraya supervised the construction of the KRS Dam across the Cauvery River from
concept to inauguration. This dam created the biggest reservoir in Asia when it was built.
The dam was conceived not only for the purpose of irrigation, but also for providing
electricity to the Kolar goldfields. He directed the work to be carried out with greater
enthusiasm. He advised 2000 more laborers where 10,000 had already been employed.
Doctors were appointed to treat workers afflicted by malaria. He directed all the officials to
camp at the spot to speed up the work, to look after the security and supervise the work in
general. By facing all unexpected problems and difficulties with courage, he got the work
completed well in time. Power was also supplied to Kolar goldfields by July 1915. He was
rightly called the "Father of modern Mysore state".
2. Write briefly about Visweswaraya’s education ?
Sir M Vishweshwaraiah was born in Muddenahalli, a village in Karnataka, on 15th
September 1860 to Srinavasa Sastry and Venkatalakshmamma. He completed his high
school education from Wesley Mission High School and his graduation from Central College
– both in Bangalore. He was a very bright student. He went on to pursue a course in civil
engineering in Pune, having received a scholarship for the same. While there, he was
awarded the James Berkley Gold Medal for outstanding performance. He led a very simple
life and was a strict vegetarian. As soon as the results were out, the Government of Bombay
offered him the post of an Assistant Engineer at Nasik.
3. How did Visweswaraya solve the water problem in twin cities ?
Sir MV suggested flood relief measures for Hyderabad town, which was under constant
threat of floods by Musi river. For flood control, he advised construction of two reservoir
dams – one across the river Musi and other across its tributary Easi. He also advised to
raise the banks of the river within the city and convert the area on either side into walks
and gardens along the river front. He had prepared a modern underground drainage
scheme for the city, making use of drainage water for agriculture; to widen the road and
demolish certain unhealthy areas and construct house for the poor. The dams constructed
across the Moosi and Easi are known as Himayatsagar and Osmansagar respectively. These
dams provide water to the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secundarabad. Today Hyderabad is
one of the most beautiful cities in India and this is largely due to ingenuity and farsightedness of Visvesvaraya. The work was undertaken in 1913 and before the work was
RAJA RAO PAGIDIPALLI, Assoc.Professor