Introduction to the Subject
If the drawings are not clear and without complete dimensions the preparation of estimation become very difficult. So, It is very essential before preparing an estimate.
General Specifications: This gives the nature, quality, class and work and
materials in general terms to be used in various parts of wok. It helps no
form a general idea of building.
Detailed Specifications: These gives the detailed description of the various items of work laying down the Quantities and qualities of materials,
their proportions, the method of preparation workmanship and execution
For preparing the estimate the unit rates of each item of work are required.
For arriving at the unit rates of each item.
The rates of various materials to be used in the construction.
The cost of transport materials.
The wages of labour, skilled or unskilled of masons, carpenters, Mazdoor,
1.5 COMPLETE ESTIMATE:
Most of people think that the estimate of a structure includes cost of land,
cost of materials and labour, But many other direct and indirect costs included
The Complete Estimate
and is shown below.
Cost of land
of deeds and
Cost of Structure
Permit fees for