LECTURE NOTES ON IC APPLICATIONS III B. Tech I semester (JNTUH-R13)
Syllabus: JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD L III Year B.Tech. EEE -I Sem T/ /P/D C 4 -/-/- 4 IC APPLICATIONS PART1: LINEARINTEGRATED CIRCUITS UNIT I: INTEGRATED CIRCUITS Classification, Chip Size and Circuit Complexity, Classification of Integrated Circuits , Comparison of various Logic Families, Standard TTL NAND Gate- Analysis & Characteristics. TTL Open Collector Outputs, Tristate TTL, MOS & CMOS open drain and tri-state outputs, CMOS Transmission gate, IC interfacing – TTL driving CMOS & CMOS driving TTL. UNIT II: OP-AMP and APPLICATIONS Basic Applications of Op-Amp, Ideal and Practical Optical Op-Amp,internal circuits, Op-amp characteristics, DC and AC Characteristics, 741 Op-Amp and its Features, Modes of operation-inverting, non-inverting, differential. Basic applications of OP-AMP, Instrumentation Amplifier, AC Amplifier, V to I and I to V Converters. Sample & Hold Circuits, Multipliers and dividers, Differentiators and Integrators, Comparators. Introduction to Voltage Regulators. UNIT III: ACTIVE FILTERS &OSCILLATORS Introduction, First order LPF,HPF filters, Band Pass Filters,Band Reject and All Pass Filters. Oscillators Types, Principle of Operation– RC, Wien Bridge and Quadrature type, Waveform Generators – Triangular, Saw Tooth, Square Wave and VCO. UNIT IV: TIMERS & PHASE LOCKED LOOPS Introduction to 555 Timer, Functional Diagram, Monostable and astable operations and Applications. Schmitt Trigger, PLL-Introduction. Block Schematic, Principles and Description of Individual Blocks of 565. VCO. UNIT V: D-A and A-D CONVERTERS Introcuction, Basic DAC Techniques – Weighted Resistor Type, R-2R Ladder Type, Inverted R-2R Type. IC 1408 DAC.Different types of ADCS – parallel Comparator Type, Counter Type. Successive Approximation Register Type and Dual Slope Type ADC, DAC and ADC Specifications.
TEXT BOOKS: 1. Linear Integrated Circuits – D. Roy Chowdhury. New Age International (P) Ltd, 3rd Ed., 2008. 2. Op-Amps & Linear Ics – Ramakanth A. Gayakwad, PHI. REFERENCES: 1. operational amplifiers and linear integrated circuits by RF Coughlin & Fredrick F, Driscoll, PHI 2. Operational Amplifiers and Liner Integrated Circuits: Theory & Applications, Denton J.Daibey,TMH. 3. Design with OP-Amp & Analog ICs,Serglo Franco,McGraw Hill. 4. Digital Fundamentals – Floyd and Jain. Pearson Education. 8th Edition 2005. .
UNIT-I INTEGRATED CIRCUITS 1.1 CLASSIFICATION OF IC’S: Integrated Circuitis a miniature, low cost electronic circuit consisting of active and passive components that are irreparably joined together on a single crystal chip of silicon. CLASSIFICATION: 1.1.1 Based on mode of operation a. Digital IC’s b. Linear IC’s Digital IC’s: Digital IC’s are complete functioning logic networks that are equivalents of basic transistor logic circuits. Ex:- gates ,counters, multiplexers, demultiplexers, shift registers. Linear IC’s: Linear IC’s are equivalents of discrete transistor networks, such as amplifiers, filters, frequency multipliers, and modulators that often require additional external components for satisfactory operation 1.1.2. Based on fabrication a. Monolithic IC’s b. Hybrid IC’s a. Monolithic IC’s : In monolithic ICs all components (active and passive) are formed simultaneously by a diffusion process. Then a metallization process is used in interconnecting these components to form the desired circuit. b. Hybrid IC’s: .In hybrid ICs, passive components (such as resistors and capacitors) and the interconnections between them are formed on an insulating substrate. The substrate is used as a chassis for the integrated components. Active components such as transistors and diodes as wellas monolithic integrated circuits, are then connected to form a complete circuit. 1.1.3. Based on number of components integrated on IC’s a. SSI <10 components b. MSI <100 components c. LSI >100 components d. VLSI >1000 components 1.2. CHIP SIZE AND CIRCUIT COMPLEXITY: