Management is an art of getting things done through and with the people in formally organized
groups. It is an art of creating an environment in which people can perform and individuals and
can co-operate towards attainment of group goal.
Management personal may be described as the people who design an organization's structure and
determine how different aspects of the organization will interact.
Management process is a process of setting goals, planning and/or controlling the organizing
and leading the execution of any type of activity, such as: a project
In general an organization's senior management is responsible for carrying out its management
Importance of management
1. It helps in Achieving Group Goals - It arranges the factors of production, assembles
and organizes the resources, integrates the resources in effective manner to achieve goals.
It directs group efforts towards achievement of pre-determined goals. By defining
objective of organization clearly there would be no wastage of time, money and effort.
Management converts disorganized resources of men, machines, money etc. into useful
enterprise. These resources are coordinated, directed and controlled in such a manner that
enterprise work towards attainment of goals.
2. Optimum Utilization of Resources - Management utilizes all the physical & human
resources productively. This leads to efficacy in management. Management provides
maximum utilization of scarce resources by selecting its best possible alternate use in
industry from out of various uses. It makes use of experts, professional and these services
leads to use of their skills, knowledge, and proper utilization and avoids wastage. If
employees and machines are producing its maximum there is no under employment of
3. Reduces Costs - It gets maximum results through minimum input by proper planning and
by using minimum input & getting maximum output. Management uses physical, human
and financial resources in such a manner which results in best combination. This helps in
4. Establishes Sound Organization - No overlapping of efforts (smooth and coordinated
functions). To establish sound organizational structure is one of the objective of
management which is in tune with objective of organization and for fulfillment of this, it
establishes effective authority & responsibility relationship i.e. who is accountable to
whom, who can give instructions to whom, who are superiors & who are subordinates.
Management fills up various positions with right persons, having right skills, training and
qualification. All jobs should be cleared to everyone.
5. Establishes Equilibrium - It enables the organization to survive in changing
environment. It keeps in touch with the changing environment. With the change is