knowledge associated with project and program management. The
1950s marked the beginning of the modern Project Management
era. Project management became recognized as a distinct
discipline arising from the management discipline.
1.1 WHAT IS A PROJECT?
All of us have been involved in projects, whether they be our
personal projects or in business and industry. Examples of typical
projects are for example:
obtaining an MCA degree
writing a report
planning a party
planting a garden
Construction of a building
provide electricity to an industrial estate
building a bridge
designing a new airplane
Projects can be of any size and duration. They can be
simple, like planning a party, or complex like launching a space
1.1.1 Project Definition:
A project can be defined in many ways :
A project is “a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a
unique product, service, or result.” Operations, on the other hand, is
work done in organizations to sustain the business. Projects are
different from operations in that they end when their objectives
have been reached or the project has been terminated.
A project is temporary. A project’s duration might be just one
week or it might go on for years, but every project has an end date.
You might not know that end date when the project begins, but it’s
there somewhere in the future. Projects are not the same as
ongoing operations, although the two have a great deal in common.
A project is an endeavor. Resources, such as people and
equipment, need to do work. The endeavor is undertaken by a
team or an organization, and therefore projects have a sense of