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Transportation Engineering 1

by Amity Kumar
Type: NoteInstitute: Amity University Specialization: Civil EngineeringDownloads: 70Views: 2122Uploaded: 7 months agoAdd to Favourite

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LIST OF CONTENTS UNIT-1 PRINCIPLES OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING 1 Introduction 09 Importance of Transportation 10 Different Modes of Transportation 12 Characteristics and Comparison of Different Modes 14 Jayakar Committee Recommendations and Implementation 16 Central Research Fund (CRF) 17 Indian Road Congress (IRC) 17 Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) 18 UNIT-2 HIGHWAY DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING Introduction 19 Classification of roads 21 Road patterns 22 Planning Surveys 23 Master plan 25 Saturation System 26 Road development Plan 27 UNIT-3 HIGHWAY ALIGNMENT Alignment 30 Requirements 30 Factors Controlling Alignment 31 UNIT-4 HIGHWAY GEOMETRIC DESIGN 1 & 2 Introduction 33
Factors affecting geometric design 33 Camber 35 Width of carriageway 36 Kerbs 36 Road margins 37 Shoulders 37 Parking Lanes 37 Bus- Bays 37 Service roads 38 Footpath 38 Guard Rails 38 Width of Formation 38 Right of way 39 Sight Distance 40 Types of Sight Distance 40 Stopping sight distance 42 Overtaking sight distance 43 Overtaking zones 45 Horizontal curves 46 Analysis of super-elevation 48 Horizontal Transition curves 52 Length of Transition curves 53 Setback Distance 54 Vertical alignment 57 Gradient 58
Summit Curve 58 Valley curve 61 UNIT-5 PAVEMENT MATERIALS Introduction 65 Subgrade Soil 65 Desirable Properties 65 Soil Classification 66 Highway research board (HRB) classification of soils 66 California bearing ratio (CBR) test 67 AGGREGATES 73 Tests on Road aggregate 74 BITUMINOUS MATERIALS 75 Types of bituminous materials 75 Tests on Bitumen 76 Bituminous Emulsion 78 BITUMINOUS PAVING MIXES 81 UNIT-6 INTRODUCTION TO PAVEMENT DESIGN Requirements of a pavement 82 Types of pavements 82 Flexible Pavements 82 Rigid Pavements 83 Types of Rigid pavements 84 Factors affecting Pavement design 85 IRC method of Design of Flexible Pavements 89 Rigid pavement Design 92
Wheel load Stresses- Westergaard‟s equation 92 UNIT-7 HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION Introduction 95 Earthwork 95 Construction of Earth Roads 99 Construction of Gravel Roads 100 Construction of WBM Roads 101 Construction of Bituminous Pavements 105 Construction procedure for Bituminous Concrete 110 HIGHWAY DRAINAGE 117 Introduction 117 Importance of Highway Drainage 117 UNIT-8 HIGHWAY ECONOMICS & FINANCE Introduction 122 Highway User benefits 122 Annual Highway Cost 136 HIGHWAY FINANCE 128 Highway financing in India 128

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