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Note for Engineering Geology - EG by balakrishna gunti

  • Engineering Geology - EG
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  • College - Nallamuthugoundermahalingamcollege
  • Civil Engineering
  • B.Tech
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Engineering Geology Second Edition F. G. Bell AMSTERDAM • BOSTON • HEIDELBERG • LONDON • NEW YORK • OXFORD PARIS • SAN DIEGO • SAN FRANCISCO • SINGAPORE • SYDNEY • TOKYO Butterworth-Heinemann is an imprint of Elsevier

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Butterworth-Heinemann is an imprint of Elsevier Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, UK 30 Corporate Drive, Suite 400, Burlington, MA 01803, USA First edition 1993 Second edition 2007 Copyright © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science & Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone (+44) (0) 1865 843830; fax (+44) (0) 1865 853333; email: permissions@elsevier.com. Alternatively you can submit your request online by visiting the Elsevier web site at http://elsevier.com/locate/permissions, and selecting Obtaining permission to use Elsevier material. Notice No responsibility is assumed by the publisher for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the material herein. Because of rapid advances in the medical sciences, in particular, independent verification of diagnoses and drug dosages should be made. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A catalog record for this book is available from the Library of Congress ISBN-13: 978-0-7506-8077-6 ISBN-10: 0-7506-8077-6 For information on all Butterworth-Heinemann publications visit our website at http://books.elsevier.com Printed and bound in Great Britain 07 08 09 10 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

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Preface As noted in the Preface to the first edition, engineering geology can be defined as the application of Geology to engineering practice. In other words, it is concerned with those geological factors that influence the location, design, construction and maintenance of engineering works. Accordingly, it draws on a number of geological disciplines such as geomorphology, structural geology, sedimentology, petrology and stratigraphy. In addition, engineering geology involves hydrogeology and some understanding of rock and soil mechanics. Similar to the first edition, this edition too is written for undergraduate and post-graduate students of engineering geology. It is hoped that this will also be of value to those involved in the profession, especially at the earlier stages of their careers. However, it is aimed at not just engineering geologists but also at those in civil and mining engineering, water engineering, quarrying and, to a lesser extent, architecture, planning, surveying and building. In other words, those who deal with the ground should know something about it. No single textbook can cover all the needs of the variety of readers who may use it. Therefore, a list of books is suggested for further reading, and references are provided for those who want to pursue some aspect of the subject matter to greater depth. However, some background knowledge also is assumed. Obviously, students of geology will have done much more reading on geology than the basic geological material covered in this book. They presumably will have done or will do some reading on soil mechanics and rock mechanics. On the other hand, those with an engineering background will have read some soil and rock mechanics, but need some basic geology, hopefully, this book will meet their needs. Moreover, any book will reflect the background of its author and his or her view of the subject. However, this author has attempted to give a balanced overview of the subject. The text has been revised and extended to take account of some subjects that were not dealt with in the first edition. Also, some of the chapters have been rearranged. Hopefully, this should have improved the text. The author gratefully acknowledges all those who have given permission to publish material from other sources. Individual acknowledgements are given throughout the text. v

Lecture Notes