Good brick earth should contain less a small quantity of magnesia about1%)
Magnesium in brick earth imparts yellow tint to the brick.
It is responsible for reducing shrinkage
Excess of magnesia leads to the decay of bricks.
Harmful Ingredients in Brick:
Below mentioned are some of the ingredients which are undesired in brick earth.
A small quantity of lime is required in brick earth. But if present in excess, it causes
the brick to melt and hence brick looses its shape.
If lime is present in the form of lumps, then it is converted into quick lime after
burning. This quick lime slakes and expands in presence of moisture, causing splitting
of bricks into pieces.
The presence of iron pyrites in brick earth causes the brick to get crystallized and
disintegrated during burning, because of the oxidation of the iron pyrits.
Pyrites discolourise the bricks.
These are exist in the brick earth in the form of soda and potash. It acts as a flux in the
kiln during burning and it causes bricks to fuse, twist and warp. Because of this,
bricks are melted and they loose their shape.
The alkalis remaining in bricks will absorb moisture from the atmosphere, when
bricks are used in masonry. With the passage of time, the moisture gets evaporated
leaving grey or white deposits on the wall surface (known asefflorescence). This
white patch affects the appearance of the building structure.
Pebbles in brick earth create problem during mixing operation of earth. It prevents
uniform and through mixing of clay, which results in weak and porous bricks
Bricks containing pebbles will not break into shapes as per requirements.
Vegetation and Organic Matter
The presence of vegetation and organic matter in brick earth assists in burning. But if
such matter is not completely burnt, the bricks become porous. This is due to the fact
that the gasses will be evolved during the burning of the carbonaceous matter and it
will result in the formation of small pores.
* Under Revision