×
You can use excuses to convince others, but how will you convince yourself?

# Note for Electrodynamics - ED by Abhishek Apoorv

• Electrodynamics - ED
• Note
• 3 Topics
• 623 Views
0 User(s)

#### Text from page-2

Outline 1 Maxwell’s equations in vacuum 2 Maxwell’s equations inside matter

#### Text from page-3

Coming up... 1 Maxwell’s equations in vacuum 2 Maxwell’s equations inside matter

#### Text from page-4

In the language of differential vector calculus Gauss’s law: ~ = ρ ∇·E 0 (1) Gauss’s law for magnetism: ~ =0 ∇·B (2) ~ ~ = − ∂B ∇×E ∂t (3) Maxwell-Faraday equation Ampere’s law, with Maxwell’s correction ~ = µ0 ∇×B ~ ~J + 0 ∂ E ∂t ! We shall now look at interpretations of these expressions by using their integral forms. (4)

#### Text from page-5

Gauss’s law: enclosed charges ~ = ρ/0 : ∇·E Integrate over a closed volume: Z Z ~ (∇ · E)dV = V V ρ dV 0 Use a mathematical identity (Gauss’s theorem) I ~ = Qenclosed ~ · dS E 0 (5) (6) Relationship between electric field on a closed surface and the charge enclosed inside it The part in red: source of the electric field ~ Leads to Coulomb’s law if Q is a point charge at the centre of S, a sphere of radius r : Er · 4πr 2 = Q/0