Scope of fluid mechanics and its development as a science
Physical property of Fluid: Density, specific gravity, specific weight, specific volume, surface
tension and capillarity, viscosity, compressibility and bulk modulus, Fluid classification.
Fluid statics: Pressure, Pascal’s Law, Pressure variation for incompressible fluid, atmospheric
pressure, absolute pressure, gauge pressure and vacuum pressure, manometer
Classification, Impulse and Reaction turbine; Tangential, Radial and axial turbine.
Impulse turbine, Pelton wheel, bucket dimensions, number of buckets in pelton wheel, efficiency and