Types of Management:
A familiarization of different types of management will help one become a good manager.
Knowing what they are can help you determine which type or style would suit you best, based on
your own skills, personality, and abilities, as well as other factors such as the kind of people you
will be handling and the work environment you belong to.
The various management styles are:
➢ Autocratic Management: This style of management gives the manager full authority to
run a department or group, and make all decisions. Majority of the decisions made are
based on the manager’s opinions, ideas, knowledge, and personality. This management
style can be both good and bad for the company. While it allows for quicker decisionmaking and implementation of any plan or strategy, it can also lead to employee
resentment, which will eventually bring down people’s morale. Studies show that
companies adopting the autocratic style of management have one of the highest turnover
rates, especially if those taking on management roles are not really ready to use this
management style. It may work for some organizations but definitely not for the majority.
➢ Democratic Management: Democratic Management is one of the most preferred types of
management because it allows for a two-way communication between managers and their
subordinates which in turn, will result to better job performance and increased
productivity. With Democratic Management, employees’ voices are heard and they are
given the opportunity to introduce their ideas and opinions on the table, when the need
arises. However, just like all types of management styles, it also has its share of
disadvantages. For one, it makes decision-making slower because it will take long time
before people will reach a consensus during discussions and meetings. But all things
considered, Democratic Management is considered one of the most effective types of
➢ Laissez-faire Management: ‘Unconventional’ is the term that can best describe Laissezfaire Management but surprisingly, it is quite effective in bringing out the best in people.
With this management style, the manager can empower his subordinates and give them
the freedom to carry out their tasks, as they deem fit. Laissez-faire Management also has
its share of drawbacks. For one, it relieves the manager of his duties, which can
eventually lead to a lack of coordination and delegation. If not handled correctly,
employees will be unable to focus and will lose their sense of purpose and direction.
Levels of Management:
The term “Levels of Management’ refers to a line of demarcation between various managerial
positions in an organization. The number of levels in management increases when the size of the
business and work force increases and vice versa. The level of management determines a chain
of command, the amount of authority & status enjoyed by any managerial position.