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Engineering Geology

by Bindusara TsBindusara Ts
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Bindusara Ts
Bindusara Ts
ENGINEERING GEOLOGY Bindusara TS Assistant Professor Civil Engineering Department Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, Hyderabad Mob: 9035946482 Email: bindusara@sreenidhi.edu.in
Content SL No TOPIC Page No Introduction of Geology Unit -1 Definition of Geology, Engineering Geology. Importance of geology from Civil Engineering point of view. Importance of physical geology, petrology and structural geology. Case studies of failures of few civil engineering constructions, weathering of rocks and its effect on the properties of rocks, importance of weathering with reference to dams, reservoirs and tunnels. Earth structure- Lithosphere- Internal structure of the earth, Plate Tectonics. 3-23 Minerology Unit -2 Definition of mineral, mineralogy, Importance of study of minerals: rock forming and ore forming minerals. Different methods of study of minerals. Study of minerals by physical identification method and their physical properties. Determination of Physical properties of following minerals: Feldspar, Quartz, Flint, Jasper, Olivine, Augite, Hornblende, Muscovite, Biotite, Asbestos, Chlorite, Kyanite, Garnet, Talc, Calcite. Study of ore forming minerals such as Pyrite, Hematite, Magnetite, Amethyst, Galena, Pyrolusite, Graphite, Magnetite, and Bauxite, Coral reefs. 24-44 Petrology Unit -3 Definition of a rock, petrology. Classification of rocks-Geological classification of rocks. Rock Cycle. Classification of igneous Forms, structures and textures of igneous rocks. Classification of sedimentary rocks, and its structures and textures. Classification of metamorphic rocks, its structures and textures. Megascopic Study of Granite, Dolerite, Basalt, Pegmatite, Charnockite, Sandstone, Shale, Limestone, Gneiss, Schist, Quartzite, Marble and Slate. 45-65 Structural Geology Unit -4 Out Crop, Study of geological structures associated with rocks such as , joints, unconformities-their import ant types. Significance of Strike and dip in geological structures, shield areas and seismic belts, seismic waves, Richter scale, Precautions to be taken for building construction in seismic areas, Ground Water, water table, common types of ground water, springs, geological controls of ground water movement, ground water exploration. 66-104 Geology of Dams, Reservoir and Tunnel Unit -5 Types of Dams, Importance of geological considerations in the site selection of dams, reservoirs and tunnels. Case histories of dams, geological factors affecting the water tightness and life of a reservoir. Purpose of tunnelling, types of tunnels, over break, lining of tunnels. 105-121 Geological Hazard Unit -6 Geographical physical aspects of earthquake, tsunamis, avalanches, forest fires, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, coastal erosion, ice jams, liquefaction, geyser deposit, sinkholes and landslides. Disaster prevention mitigation and management. 122-132
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