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INTRODUCTION TO MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS
Imagine for a while that you have finished your studies and have joined as an engineer in a
manufacturing organization. What do you do there? You plan to produce maximum quantity of
goods of a given quality at a reasonable cost. On the other hand, if you are a sale manager, you
have to sell a maximum amount of goods with minimum advertisement costs. In other words,
you want to minimize your costs and maximize your returns and by doing so, you are practicing
the principles of managerial economics.
Managers, in their day-to-day activities, are always confronted with several issues such as how
much quantity is to be supplied; at what price; should the product be made internally; or whether
it should be bought from outside; how much quantity is to be produced to make a given amount
of profit and so on. Managerial economics provides us a basic insight into seeking solutions for
Managerial economics, as the name itself implies, is an offshoot of two distinct disciplines:
Economics and Management. In other words, it is necessary to understand what these disciplines
are, at least in brief, to understand the nature and scope of managerial economics.
Introduction to Economics :
Economics is a study of human activity both at individual and national level. The economists of
early age treated economics merely as the science of wealth. The reason for this is clear. Every
one of us in involved in efforts aimed at earning money and spending this money to satisfy our
wants such as food, Clothing, shelter, and others. Such activities of earning and spending money
“Economic activities”. It was only during the eighteenth century that Adam Smith, the Father of
Economics, defined economics as the study of nature and uses of national wealth’.
Dr. Alfred Marshall, one of the greatest economists of the nineteenth century, writes “Economics
is a study of man’s actions in the ordinary business of life: it enquires how he gets his income
and how he uses it”. Thus, it is one side, a study of wealth; and on the other, and more important
side; it is the study of man. As Marshall observed, the chief aim of economics is to promote
‘human welfare’, but not wealth. The definition given by AC Pigou endorses the opinion of
Marshall. Pigou defines Economics as “the study of economic welfare that can be brought
directly and indirectly, into relationship with the measuring rod of money”.
Lava Kumar V, Assistant professor