photosynthesis thereby regulating its levels in the atmosphere. This results in reduction
in global warming
Prevention of Dust Storms and Soil Erosion: Trees in the forests hold the soil particles
firmly with their roots. As such, trees prevent the soil from getting eroded. Not only this,
trees also act as wind breakers and regulate strong winds and reduce the intensity of
Preservation of Water Cycle: Forests maintain water cycle on Earth. Plants and trees in
forests absorb water needed for their nutrition. The excess water is released in the
atmosphere in the form of water vapours. The water vapours condense and form clouds
which cause rainfall
Forests provide us products: Trees provide us with a variety of products such as wood
which is used in making furniture, pulp which is used to make paper, various food items,
oil, rubber, etc
Natural Homes: Forests are homes for millions of wild animals and birds
Deforestation can be understood as the clearing of forest cover or tree plantations in
order to accommodate agricultural, industrial or urban use. It is simply the felling or
cutting down of trees on a large scale. It has been a regular practice all over the world.
Over the last century, the forest cover along the globe has been greatly reduced.
According to United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, an estimated 18 million
acres of forests are lost each other.
MAJOR CAUSES OF DEFORESTATION
Agricultural Activities: Agricultural activities are one of the reasons behind the
deforestation. In order top meet the growing food requirements of people, trees
are cut down in order to pave way for agricultural land.
Logging: Wood based industries like paper; matchstick, furniture, etc also need
huge amounts of wood supply. Also wood is used as fuel wood in the rural areas.
Therefore, trees are cut down extensively
Urbanization: Another reason behind deforestation lies in urbanization. Massive
destruction of forests occur to execute various development projects such as
road construction, highways, big dams, housing projects, etc