summit on sustainable Development in 2002, have highlighted key issues of
global environmental concern.
Environmental pollution cannot be removed by laws alone.
The proper implementation and especially public participation are important
Public participation is possible only when the public is aware about the ecological
and environmental issues.
A drive by the government to ban the littering of polythene cannot be successful
until the public understands the environmental implications of the same.
The public has to be educated about the fact that if we are degrading our
environment we are actually harming ourselves.
1.5 NATURAL RESOURCES
Natural resources (economically referred to as land or raw materials) occur
naturally within environments that exist relatively undisturbed by mankind, in a natural
1.5.1 FOREST RESOURCES
Man depends heavily on a larger number of plant and animal products from
forests for his daily needs.
The chief product that forests supply is wood, which is used as fuel, raw material
for various industries as pulp, paper, newsprint, board, timber for furniture items,
other uses as in packing articles, matches, sports goods etc.
Indian forests also supply minor products like gums, resins, dyes, tannins, fibers,
Many of the plants are utilized in preparing medicines and drugs; Total worth of
which is estimated to be more than $300 billion per year.
Many forests lands are used for mining, agriculture, grazing, and recreation and
for development of dams.
Depending upon the climate conditions, forest may be classified as:
Tropical Rain Forests: They are evergreen broadleaf forests found near the
equator. They are characterized by high temperature, high humidity and high
rainfall, all of which favor the growth of trees.
Tropical deciduous forests: They are found a little away from the equator and
are characterized by a warm climate the year round. Rain occurs only during
Tropical scrub forests: They are found in areas where the day season is even
Temperate rain forests: They are found in temperate areas with adequate
rainfall. These are dominated by trees like pines, firs, redwoods etc.
Temperate deciduous forests: They are found in areas with moderate
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