Prof. Jayata Rai
a. Workers should be encouraged to take initiative in the work assigned to them.
b. It means eagerness to initiate actions without being asked to do so.
c. Fayol advised that management should provide opportunity to its employees to suggest
ideas, experiences& new method of work.
d. It helps in developing an atmosphere of trust and understanding.
e. People then enjoy working in the organization because it adds to their zeal and energy.
f. To suggest improvement in formulation & implementation of place.
g. They can be encouraged with the help of monetary & non-monetary incentives.
9. Fair Remuneration:
a. The quantum and method of remuneration to be paid to the workers should be fair,
reasonable, satisfactory & rewarding of the efforts.
b. As far as possible it should accord satisfaction to both employer and the employees.
c. Wages should be determined on the basis of cost of living, work assigned, financial
position of the business, wage rate prevailing etc.
d. Logical & appropriate wage rates and methods of their payment reduce tension &
differences between workers & management creates harmonious relationship and
pleasing atmosphere of work.
e. Fayol also recommended provision of other benefits such as free education, medical &
residential facilities to workers.
10. Stability of Tenure:
a. Fayol emphasized that employees should not be moved frequently from one job
position to another i.e. the period of service in a job should be fixed.
b. Therefore employees should be appointed after keeping in view principles of
recruitment & selection but once they are appointed their services should be served.
c. According to Fayol. “Time is required for an employee to get used to a new work &
succeed to doing it well but if he is removed before that he will not be able to render
d. As a result, the time, effort and money spent on training the worker will go waste.
e. Stability of job creates team spirit and a sense of belongingness among workers which
ultimately increase the quality as well as quantity of work.
11. Scalar Chain:
a. Fayol defines scalar chain as ’The chain of superiors ranging from the ultimate authority
to the lowest”.
b. Every orders, instructions, messages, requests, explanation etc. has to pass through
c. But, for the sake of convenience & urgency, this path can be cut shirt and this short cut
is known as Gang Plank.