The environmental studies need a knowledge in science, social science, law engineering
as it deals with various aspects – life sciences like Zoology, Botany, Genetics, Bio Chemistry
help in understanding the biotic components and their interactions. Basic concepts in chemistry,
physics, geology, atmospheric science, oceanography & geography are essential to understand.
Mathematics, Statistics and computer applications will help in environmental modeling. The
social subjects like economics, management and sociology provide the inputs to study the socioeconomic aspects. Knowledge in Civil Engineering, hydraulic, Chemical and nano technology
provide the technical solutions to environmental pollution control and waste treatment which are
important for environmental protection. Environmental law provides the platform to fight for the
environmental protection. Environmental education and mass communication are instruments in
spreading environmental awareness.
Environmental studies has a wide scope in pursuing different aspects of environment
such as protection of environment, exportation of natural sources and management, pollution
abatement, anthropogenic activities and environmental protection. Environmental studies can
also be broadly divided based on specialized technical aspects like environmental engineering.
Environmental management and environmental economics. For any industry clearances we
required for which environmental impact studies are made. If adverse effects are expected then a
plan to mitigate such effects to protect the environment from degradation. Further there are many
areas to pursue research.
R & D in Environment:
The environmental scientists are involved in development cleaner technologies to protect
environment by developing cleaner production technologies. The monitoring of environment in
residential and industrial areas require well trained personnel to develop data base.
Environmental management and environmental engineering are emerging new areas of
career in industries and institution. The pollution control ___ gaining importance as the pro
activists and environmental activists try to protect the interest of people. Market for pollution
control technologies and experts in the field is increasing in the recent ___. In India ministry
Environmental Forests at the centre and the state pollution control boards at the state level are
implementry the standards fixed by central pollution control board. Now even the industries are
also having an environmental cells to mitigrate pollution in their units.
The trend is now turning towards ___ life green by adopting many pollution abating
methods at local levels. To begin with various products which are eco-friendly in nature are
given green label encouraging the sale. The quality of product is labeled ISO mark and if they
are eco-friendly certification of ISO14000 is accorded. Environmental auditors and
environmental managers will be of great demand in the f___. The information will percolate
through media and the journalists are also turning green. Some T.V. channels will transmit