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Professional Ethics

by Anna Superkings
Type: NoteInstitute: ANNA UNIVERISTY Specialization: Mechanical EngineeringDownloads: 2Views: 76Uploaded: 19 days agoAdd to Favourite

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Anna Superkings
Anna Superkings
Fatima Michael College of Engineering & Technology Fatima Michael College of Engineering & Technology
Fatima Michael College of Engineering & Technology UNIT –II ENGINEERING ETHICS Syllabus: Senses of 'Engineering Ethics' - variety of moral issues - types of inquiry - moral dilemmas - moral autonomy - Kohlberg's theory - Gilligan's theory - consensus and controversy Models of Professional Roles theories about right action - Self-interest - customs and religion - uses of ethical theories. SENSES OF ‘ENGINEERING ETHICS’ The word ethics has different meanings but they are correspondingly related to each other. In connection with that, Engineering ethics has also various senses which are related to one another. Comparison of the senses of Ethics and Engineering Ethics Ethics 1. Ethics is an activity which concerns with making investigations and knowing about moral values, finding solutions to moral issues and justifying moral issues and justifying moral judgments. 2. Ethics is a means of contrasting moral questions from non-moral problems. 3. Ethics is also used as a means of describing the beliefs, attitudes and in the Bhagavat Gita or the Bible or the Quran. Engineering Ethics 1. Like the ethics, engineering ethics also aims at knowing moral values related to engineering, finding accurate solutions to the moral problems in engineering and justifying moral judgments of engineering. 2. Engineering Ethics gives a total view of the moral problems and how to solve these issues specifically related to engineering field. 3. Engineering ethics is also using some currently accepted codes and standards which are to be followed by group of engineers and engineering societies. 4. As per the definition of dictionaries and principles of conduct of the people. i.e. ethical or unethical. 4. Engineering ethics also concerns with discovering moral principles such as obligation, rights and ideals in engineering and by applying them to take a correct decision. Fatima Michael College of Engineering & Technology
Fatima Michael College of Engineering & Technology From these senses of Engineering ethics, one can realize that it is the study of morality. What is morality? given situation, (b) what is right or wrong in handling it, (c) what is good or bad about the persons, policies and principles involved in it. If an action is said to be morally right or a principle is said to be morally good, then they are said to be had some moral reasons in supporting it. Moral reasons include respecting others and ourselves, respecting the rights of others, keeping promises, avoiding unnecessary problems to others and avoiding cheating and dishonesty, showing gratitude to others and encourage them to work. So, if an engineering decision is said to be a good one, it has to meet out all the specifications. These specifications must be covered both the technical and the moral specifications such as safety of the product, reliability, easy maintenance and the product should be user-friendly with environment. VARIETY OF MORAL ISSUES There are so many engineering disasters which are greater / heavier than the level of acceptable or tolerable risk. Therefore, for finding and avoiding such cases such as nuclear plant accident at Chernobyl (Russia), Chemical plant at Bhopal (India) where a big disaster of gas leakage, occurred in 1980, which caused many fatal accidents. In the same way, oil spills from some oil extraction plants (the Exxon Valdez plant), hazardous waste, pollution and other related services, natural disasters like floods, earth quake and danger from using asbestos and plastics are some more cases for engineering disasters. These fields should be given awareness of engineering ethics. Hence, it is essential for engineers to get awareness on the above said disasters. They should also know the importance of the system of engineering. When malfunction of the system is a rapid one, the disaster will be in greater extent and can be noticed immediately. When they ate slow and unobserved, the impact is delayed. So, the engineers should not ignore about the functions of these systems. These cases also explain and make the engineers to be familiar with the outline of the case in future and also about their related ethical issues. Approaches to Engineering Ethics:
Fatima Michael College of Engineering & Technology i. ii. Micro-Ethics: This approach stresses more about some typical and everyday problems which play an important role in the field of engineering and in the profession of an engineer. Macro-Ethics: This approach deals with all the social problems which are unknown and suddenly burst out on a regional or national level. So, it is necessary for an engineer to pay attention on both the approaches by having a careful study of how they affect them professionally and personally. The engineers have to tolerate themselves with the everyday problems both from personal and societal point of view. Where and How do Moral Problems arise in Engineering? Any product or project has to undergo various stages such as planning, idea, design, and manufacturing which is followed by testing, sales and services. This has to be done by engineers of various branches like Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Chemical etc. These engineers may be grouped together as a team or they may be separated from each other with an interconnection or co-ordination. Inspite of the engin may be unsafe or less useful. This may be due to some reasons 1) The product or project may be designed for early obsolescence or 2) due to under pressure because of running out of time, budgetary etc or 3) by ignorance on the size of the project, or 4) because of the large number of a products sold on the mass market, people may be affected. Some cases with which different areas covered by engineering ethics: 1. An inspector finds a faulty part in the manufacture of a machine, which prevents the use of that machine for a longer period. But his superior, takes this as a minor mistake and orders that the faulty part to be adjusted so that the delay in threatened by the supervisor. 2. An electronic company applies for a permit to start a Nuclear Power Plant. When the licensing authority comes for visit, they enquire the company authorities on the emergency measures that have been established for safety of the surroundings. The engineers inform them about the alarm system and arrangements have been made in local hospitals for the treatment of their employees and they have no plan for the surrounding people. They also inform that it is the responsibility of the people. 3. A Yarn Dyeing company which dumps its wastes in the nearby river. It causes heavy damage to the people those who are using the river. The plant engineers

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