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Note for Change of Voice - CV by Abhishek Apoorv

  • Change of Voice - CV
  • Note
  • Verbal Ability
  • Placement Preparation
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– Online Education and Examination Portal People who can use passive voice appropriately are considered to have a good level of English. Go through the article to learn about the correct usage of passive voice. Difference in Active and Passive voice Active Passive A sentence starts with a subject Example Workers do the work. ↧ ↧ Subject Object A sentence starts with an object. Example The work is done by workers. Rules for changing Active to Passive Voice Subject is changed as per the following rule ACTIVE PASSIVE I ME THEY THEM HE HIM SHE HER WE US WHO WHOM IT IT YOU YOU WHAT WHAT WHICH WHICH Active-Passive Voice Page 1

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– Online Education and Examination Portal General rule used to make passive voice Object + To be + Past Participle of Verb + by Subject ‘To be’ varies according to the tense and rest of the rule remains the same. Present Indefinite The forms of ‘To be’ – is/am/are Object + is/am/are + Past Participle of Verb + by Subject Examples Active – He plays football. Passive– Football is passed by him. Active– I teach English. Passive – English is taught by me. Past Indefinite The forms of ‘To be’ – was/ were So rule would be modified as Active-Passive Voice Page 2

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– Online Education and Examination Portal Object + was/were + Past Participle of Verb + by Subject Example Active – Her Teacher punished her. Passive– She was punished by her teacher. Perfect Tenses (Present, Past & Future) The form of ‘To be’ – been Object + been + Past Participle of Verb + by Subject Examples Present Perfect: Active – He has written a letter. PASSIVE – A Letter has been written by him. Past Perfect: Active – They had already watched the movie. Passive– The movie had already been watched by them. Future Perfect: Active – The children will have seen the show. Passive– The show will have been seen by the children. Continuous Tense The form of ‘To be’ – being Active-Passive Voice Page 3

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– Online Education and Examination Portal Object + being + Past Participle of Verb + by Subject Present Continuous: Active – He is eating ice cream. Passive– Ice cream is being eaten by him. Past Continuous: Active – They were watching the movie. Passive– The movie was being watched by them. NOTE: Passive voice of Future Continuous and Perfect Continuous Tenses is not possible. MODALS (can, should etc.) and Future Indefinite The form of ‘To be’ – be Object + be + Past Participle of Verb + by Subject EXAMPLES Active – Government should ban smoking Passive– Smoking should be banned by the government. Active –I will finish the job tomorrow. Passive– The job will be finished by me tomorrow. SUMMARY So, changing Active Voice into Passive requires two steps: Active-Passive Voice Page 4

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