Authors Brian Galvin Chris Kane Co-founders Markus Moberg Chad Troutwine Contributing Writers Neil Moakley David Newland Ashley Newman-Owens Contributing Editor Jodi Brandon Cover Design Nick Mason Interior Design Tom Ahn Dennis Anderson ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Printed in the U.S.A. Third Edition, Copyright © 2016 by Veritas Prep, LLC. GMAT® is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council, which is not affiliated with this book. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without the prior written permission of Veritas Prep, LLC. All the materials within are the exclusive property of Veritas Prep, LLC. © 2016. Print Batch 2016.1
This book is dedicated to Veritas Prep’s instructors, whose enthusiasm and experience have contributed mightily to our educational philosophy and our students’ success. It is also dedicated to the teachers who inspired Veritas Prep’s instructors. The lesson that follows was only made possible by a lifelong love of learning and of undertaking educational challenges; we have teachers around the world to thank for that. Finally and most importantly, this book is dedicated to our thousands of students, who have taught us more about teaching and learning than they will ever know. And to you, the reader, thank you for adding yourself to that group. Personal Dedications Veritas Prep is a community of educators, students, and support staff, and these books would not be possible without our cast of thousands. We thank you all, but would like to specifically acknowledge the following people for their inspiration: Clay Christensen (Harvard Business School), Tom Cotner (Plymouth-Salem High School), David Cromwell (Yale School of Management), Lenore Goshorn (Allen Elementary School), Henry Grubb (Fort Osage High School), Dana Jinaru (Beat the GMAT), Patricia Kenney (University of Michigan), Steven Levitt (University of Chicago), Walter Lewin (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Lawrence Rudner (Graduate Management Admission Council), Jeff Stanzler (University of Michigan), and Robert Weber (Kellogg School of Management).