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Python Programming

by Nihar Ranjan RoutNihar Ranjan Rout
Type: NoteInstitute: LOVELY PROFESSIONAL UNIVERSITY Course: B.Tech Specialization: Computer Science EngineeringViews: 32Uploaded: 2 months ago

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Nihar Ranjan Rout
Nihar Ranjan Rout
About the Tutorial Python is a general-purpose interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, and high-level programming language. It was created by Guido van Rossum during 1985- 1990. Like Perl, Python source code is also available under the GNU General Public License (GPL). This tutorial gives enough understanding on Python programming language. Audience This tutorial is designed for software programmers who need to learn Python programming language from scratch. Prerequisites You should have a basic understanding of Computer Programming terminologies. A basic understanding of any of the programming languages is a plus. Disclaimer & Copyright  Copyright 2017 by Tutorials Point (I) Pvt. Ltd. All the content and graphics published in this e-book are the property of Tutorials Point (I) Pvt. Ltd. The user of this e-book is prohibited to reuse, retain, copy, distribute or republish any contents or a part of contents of this e-book in any manner without written consent of the publisher. We strive to update the contents of our website and tutorials as timely and as precisely as possible, however, the contents may contain inaccuracies or errors. Tutorials Point (I) Pvt. Ltd. provides no guarantee regarding the accuracy, timeliness or completeness of our website or its contents including this tutorial. If you discover any errors on our website or in this tutorial, please notify us at contact@tutorialspoint.com.
Table of Contents About the Tutorial .......................................................................................................................................... i Audience ........................................................................................................................................................ i Prerequisites .................................................................................................................................................. i Disclaimer & Copyright................................................................................................................................... i Table of Contents .......................................................................................................................................... ii 1. PYTHON ─ OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................... 1 History of Python .......................................................................................................................................... 1 Python Features ............................................................................................................................................ 1 2. PYTHON ─ ENVIRONMENT........................................................................................................ 3 Local Environment Setup............................................................................................................................... 3 Getting Python .............................................................................................................................................. 3 Installing Python ........................................................................................................................................... 4 Setting up PATH ............................................................................................................................................ 5 Setting path at Unix/Linux ............................................................................................................................ 5 Setting path at Windows ............................................................................................................................... 6 Python Environment Variables ...................................................................................................................... 6 Running Python ............................................................................................................................................. 6 3. PYTHON ─ BASIC SYNTAX .......................................................................................................... 9 First Python Program .................................................................................................................................... 9 Python Identifiers........................................................................................................................................ 10 Python Keywords ........................................................................................................................................ 11 Lines and Indentation.................................................................................................................................. 11 Multi-Line Statements ................................................................................................................................. 13
Quotation in Python .................................................................................................................................... 13 Comments in Python ................................................................................................................................... 14 Using Blank Lines ........................................................................................................................................ 14 Waiting for the User .................................................................................................................................... 15 Multiple Statements on a Single Line .......................................................................................................... 15 Multiple Statement Groups as Suites .......................................................................................................... 15 Command Line Arguments .......................................................................................................................... 15 Accessing Command-Line Arguments .......................................................................................................... 16 Parsing Command-Line Arguments ............................................................................................................. 17 getopt.getopt method ................................................................................................................................. 17 Exception getopt.GetoptError ..................................................................................................................... 17 4. PYTHON ─ VARIABLE TYPES .................................................................................................... 20 Assigning Values to Variables ...................................................................................................................... 20 Multiple Assignment ................................................................................................................................... 21 Standard Data Types ................................................................................................................................... 21 Python Numbers ......................................................................................................................................... 21 Python Strings ............................................................................................................................................. 23 Python Lists ................................................................................................................................................. 24 Python Tuples ............................................................................................................................................. 24 Python Dictionary ....................................................................................................................................... 26 Data Type Conversion ................................................................................................................................. 27 5. PYTHON ─ BASIC OPERATORS ................................................................................................. 29 Types of Operators ...................................................................................................................................... 29 Python Arithmetic Operators ...................................................................................................................... 29 Python Comparison Operators .................................................................................................................... 31

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