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GANDHI INSTITUTE OF ENGG AND TECHNOLOGY,GUNUPUR
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B.Tech
**Specialization:
**Mechanical Engineering**Views:
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QUESTION BANK
UNIT 1- STRESS AND STRAIN
PART – A (2 Marks)
1. Define longitudinal strain and lateral strain.
2. State Hooke’s law.
3. Define modular ratio, Poisson’s ratio
4. What is modulus of elasticity?
5. What do you meant by stiffness?
6. Explain lateral strain with a neat sketch
7. What are principal planes?
8. Give the expression for major principal stress in a two dimensional system
9. What are the types of stresses developed in thin cylinders subjected to internal pressure?
10. Write the relationship between bulk modulus, rigidity modulus and Poisson’s ratio.
11. Draw stress – strain diagram for mild steel, brittle material and a ductile material and
indicate salient points.
12. What is principle of super-position?
13. Differentiate thin cylinder & thick cylinder
14. What is the procedure for finding the thermal stresses in a composite bar?
15. Define the term ‘obliquity’ and how it is determined.
16. Define Factor of safety.
17. What do you meant by thermal stresses?
18. Define working stress & allowable stress
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QUESTION BANK
PART – B (16 Marks)
1. A tensile test was conducted on a mild steel bar. The following data was obtained from
the test:
(i) Diameter of the steel bar = 3 cm
(ii) Gauge length of the bar = 20cm
(iii) Load at elastic limit = 250 kN
(iv) Extension at a load of 150 kN = 0.21 mm
(v) Maximum load = 380 kN
(vi) Total extension = 60 mm
(vii) Diameter of rod at failure = 2.25 cm
Determine:
(1) The Young’s modulus
(2) The stress at elastic limit
(3) The percentage of elongation
(4) The percentage decrease in area.
2. Three bars made of copper; zinc and aluminium are of equal length and have cross
section 500, 700, and 1000 sq.mm respectively. They are rigidly connected at their ends.
If this compound member is subjected to a longitudinal pull of 250 kN, estimate the
proportional of the load carried on each rod and the induced stresses. Take the value of E
for copper = 1.3×10
5
N/mm2, for zinc = 1×105 N/mm2 and for aluminium = 0.8×105
N/mm2.
3. A bar 0.3m long is 50mm square in section for 120mm of its length, 25mm diameter for
80mm and of 40mm diameter for its remaining length. If the tensile force of 100kN is
applied to the bar calculate the maximum and minimum stresses produced in it, and the
total elongation. Take E = 2×105 N/mm2 and assume uniform distribution of stress over
the cross section.
4. A bar of 25mm diameter is subjected to a pull of 40kN. The measured extension on
gauge length of 200mm is 0.085mm and the change in diameter is 0.003mm.Calculate the
value of Poisson’s ratio and the three moduli.
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QUESTION BANK
A cylindrical vessel, whose ends are closed by means of rigid flange plates, is made up of
steel plate 3 mm thick. The length and internal diameter of the vessel are 50 cm and 25 cm
respectively. Determine the longitudinal and hoop stresses in the cylindrical shell due to an
internal fluid pressure of 3 N/mm2. Also calculate the increase in length, diameter and
volume of vessel. Take E = 2×105 N/mm2 and μ =0.3.
5. A hollow cylinder 2 m long has an outside diameter of 50 mm and inside diameter of 30
mm. If the cylinder is carrying a load of 25 kN, find the stress in the cylinder. Also find
the deformation of the cylinder, if the value of modulus of elasticity for the cylinder
material is 100 GPa.
6. A short metallic column of 500mm2 cross sectional area carries a axial compressive load
of 100kN.For a plane inclined at 60o with the direction of the load calculate i) Normal
stress ii) Resultant stress iii) Tangential stress iv) Maximum shear stress v) Obliquity of
resultant stress.
7. (i) Derive a relation for change in length of a bar hanging freely under its own weight. (6)
(ii) Draw stress - strain curve for a mild steel rod subjected to tension and explain about
the salient points on it. (10)
8. (i) Derive the relationship between bulk modulus and young's modulus. (6)
(ii) Derive relations for normal and shear stresses acting on an inclined plane at a point in a
stained material subjected to two mutually perpendicular direct stresses. (10)
9. Two vertical rods one of steel and other of copper are rigidly fixed at the top and 80cm
apart. Diameter and length of each rod are 3cm and 3.5m respectively. A cross bar fixed
to the rods at lower ends carries a load of 6kN such that the cross bar remains horizontal
even after loading. Find the stress in each rod and position of load on the bar. Take E for
steel as 2×105 N/mm2 and for copper as 1×105 N/mm2
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QUESTION BANK
UNIT 2- SHEAR AND BENDING IN BEAMS
PART – A (2 Marks)
1. What is the maximum bending moment for a simply supported beam subjected to
uniformly distributed load and where it occurs?
2. Define shear stress.
3. What is shear force in a beam?
4. What is bending moment in a beam?
5. List the types of supports
6. Derive the relation between bending moment and shear force.
7. What is meant by section modulus?
8. What is the differential relation between bending moment, shear force and the applied
load?
9. Sketch the shear stress variation for symmetrical I section
10. What do you meant by point of contraflexure?
11. What is meant by moment of resistance of a beam?
12. Write any four assumptions in the theory of simple bending
13. Differentiate between hogging and sagging bending moment.
14. Sketch any 2 types of supports used for a beam indicating the reactions in each case.
15. A cantilever beam of span 4m is subjected to a udl of 2 kN/m over its entire length.
Sketch the bending moment diagram for the beam.
16. How would you find the bending stress in unsymmetrical sections?
17. How do you locate the point of maximum bending moment?
18. What do you understand by neutral axis & moment of resistance? How do you locate
Neutral axis?
19. A beam subjected to a bending stress of 5N/mm2 and the section modulus is 3530 cm3.
What is the moment of resistance of the beam?
20. Draw the S.F. & B.M. diagrams for simply supported beam of length L carrying a point
load W at its middle point.
PART – B (16 Marks)
1. A simply supported beam of length 10m carries the uniformly distributed load and two
point loads as shown in Fig. Draw the S.F and B.M diagram for the beam and also
calculate the maximum bending moment.
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