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Transportation Engineering 2

by Swayam PatiSwayam Pati
Type: NoteInstitute: RAMARANI INSTITUTION BALASORE Specialization: Civil EngineeringOffline Downloads: 28Views: 568Uploaded: 3 months ago

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Swayam Pati
Swayam Pati
LECTURE NOTE COURSE CODE- BCE 308 TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING-II * Under revision
BCE308-TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING-II (3-1-0) CR-04 Module – I (10 Hours) History of Indian Railways, Component parts of railway track, Problems of multi gauge system, Wheel and axis arrangements, Coning of wheels, Various resistances and their evaluation, hauling capacity and tractive effort, stresses in rail, sleepers, ballast and formation. Permanent way component parts :, wear and failure in rails, Rail joints, bearing plates, anti-creep devices, check and guard rails, Ballast requirements, Specifications, Formation, Cross-section, drainage. Module – II (10 Hours) Geometric design : Alignment, horizontal curves, super elevation, equilibrium cant and cant deficiency, Length of transition curves, Gradients and grade compensation, vertical curves. Point and Crossing : Design of simple turn out, various types of track junction and their configurations. Module – III (10 Hours) Signaling and interlocking : Control of train movement and monitoring, types of signals, principles of interlocking. Air Transport Development : Airport scenario in India – Stages of development, Aircraft characteristics, airport planning, site selection, Obstruction and zoning laws, Imaginary surfaces, Approach zones and turning zones. Module – IV (10 Hours) Runways and Taxiway design : Elements of runway, orientation and configuration, Basic runway length and corrections, Geometric elements design, Taxiway design, Main and exit taxiway, Separation clearance, Holding aprons, Typical airport layouts, Terminal building, gate position. Visual Aids and Air Traffic Control : Airport making and lighting, Airway and airport traffic control, Instrumental landing systems and Air navigation aids. Text books : 1. Railway Engineering, M.M. Agrawal, Prabha & Co., New Delhi 2. A Text Book of Railway Engineering, Dhanpat Rai & Sons 3. Railway Track Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill Book Co. 4. Airport Planning & design by S.K.Khanna, M.G. Arora & S.S.Jain- Nemchand & Bros. * Under revision
Disclaimer This document does not claim any originality and cannot be used as a substitute for prescribed textbooks. The information presented here is merely a collection by the committee members for their respective teaching assignments. We would like to acknowledge various sources like freely available materials from internet from which the lecture note was prepared. The ownership of the information lies with the respective authors or institutions. Further, this document is not intended to be used for commercial purpose and the committee members are not accountable for any issues, legal or otherwise, arising out of use of this document. The committee members make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this document and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. * Under revision
Lecture-1 History of Indian Railways Introduction In the year 1832 the first Railway running on steam engine, was launched in England. Thereafter on 1st of August, 1849 the Great Indian Peninsular Railways Company was established in India. On 17th of August 1849, a contract was signed between the Great Indian Peninsular Railways Company and East India Company. As a result of the contract an experiment was made by laying a railway track between Bombay and Thane (56 Kms).  On 16th April, 1853, the first train service was started from Bombay to Thane.  On 15th August, 1854, the 2nd train service commenced between Howrah and Hubli.  On the 1st July, 1856, the 3rd train service in India and first in South India commenced between Vyasarpadi and Walajah Road and on the same day the section between Vyasarpadi and Royapuram by Madras Railway Company was also opened. Subsequently construction of this efficient transport system began simultaneously in different parts of the Country. By the end of 19th Century 24752 Kms. of rail track was laid for traffic. At this juncture the power, capital, revenue rested with the British. Revenue started flowing through passenger as well as through goods traffic. Organizational structure Railway zones Indian Railways is divided into several zones, which are further sub-divided into divisions. The number of zones in Indian Railways increased from six to eight in 1951, nine in 1952 and sixteen in 2003. Each zonal railway is made up of a certain number of divisions, each having a divisional headquarters. There are a total of sixty-eight divisions. Each of the sixteen zones is headed by a general manager who reports directly to the Railway Board. The zones are further divided into divisions under the control of divisional railway managers (DRM). * Under revision

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