ingenuity, initiative, perseverance, punctuality, resourcefulness, respect for all, and
2. Values related to PEACE are: Attention, calmness, concentration, contentment, dignity,
discipline, equality, equanimity, faithfulness, focus, gratitude, happiness, harmony, humility,
inner silence, optimism, patience, reflection, satisfaction, self-acceptance, self-confidence,
self-control, self-discipline, self-esteem, self-respect, sense control, tolerance, and
3. Values related to TRUTH are: Accuracy, curiosity, discernment, fairness, fearlessness, honesty,
integrity (unity of thought, word, and deed), intuition, justice, optimism, purity, quest for
knowledge, reason, self-analysis, sincerity, sprit of enquiry, synthesis, trust, truthfulness,
4. Values related to LOVE are: Acceptance, affection, care, compassion, consideration,
dedication, devotion, empathy, forbearance, forgiveness, friendship, generosity, gentleness,
humanness, interdependence, kindness, patience, patriotism, reverence, sacrifice, selflessness,
service, sharing, sympathy, thoughtfulness, tolerance and trust
5. Values related to NON-VIOLENCE are:
(a) PSYCHOLOGICAL: Benevolence, compassion, concern for others, consideration,
forbearance, forgiveness, manners, happiness, loyalty, morality, and universal love
(b) SOCIAL: Appreciation of other cultures and religions, brotherhood, care of environment,
citizenship, equality, harmlessness, national awareness, perseverance, respect for
property, and social justice.
PERSEVERANCE is defined as persistence, determination, resolution, tenacity, dedication,
commitment, constancy, steadfastness, stamina, endurance and indefatigability. To persevere is described
as to continue, carry on, stick at it (in formal), keep going, persist, plug away, (informal), remain,
stand firm, stand fast, hold on and hang on. Perseverance builds character.
ACCURACY means freedom from mistake or error; conformity to truth or to a standard or
model and exactness. Accuracy is defined as correctness, exactness, authenticity, truth, veracity, closeness
to truth (true value) and carefulness. The value of accuracy embraces a large area and has many
implications. Engineers are encouraged to demonstrate accuracy in their behavior through the medium
of praise and other incentives. Accuracy includes telling the truth, not exaggerating, and taking care
over one’s work.
DISCERNMENT means discrimination, perception, penetration, and insight. Discernment means
the power to see what is not obvious to the average mind. It stresses accuracy, especially in reading
character or motives. Discrimination stresses the power to distinguish or select what is true or genuinely
excellent. Perception implies quick and often sympathetic discernment, as of shades of feelings.
Penetration implies a searching mind that goes beyond what is obvious or superficial. Insight suggests
depth of discernment.
Definitions of other terms are given in the appropriate pages of this book.
1.2.3 Evolution of Human Values
The human values evolve because of the following factors:
1. The impact of norms of the society on the fulfillment of the individual’s needs or desires.