This subject deals with geodetic measurements and Control Survey methodology and
its adjustments. The student is also exposed to the Modern Surveying.
Horizontal and vertical control – Methods – specifications – triangulation- baseline – instruments and
accessories – corrections – satellite stations – reduction to centre- trigonometrical levelling – single
and reciprocal observations – traversing – Gale‟s table.
Errors Sources- precautions and corrections – classification of errors – true and most probable
Values- weighed observations – method of equal shifts –principle of least squares -0 normal
Equation – correlates- level nets- adjustment of simple triangulation networks.
TOTAL STATION SURVEYING
Basic Principle – Classifications -Electro-optical system: Measuring principle, Working
Principle, Sources of Error, Infrared and Laser Total Station instruments, Microwave system:
Measuring principle, working principle, Sources of Error, Microwave Total Station instruments.
Comparis on between Electro-optical and Microwave system. Care and maintenance of Total
Station instruments. Modern positioning systems – Traversing and Trilateration.
Basic Concepts - Different segments - space, control and user segments - satellite configuration signal structure - Orbit determination and representation - Anti Spoofing and Selective Availability
- Task of control segment – Hand Held and Geodetic receivers –data processing - Traversing and
ADVANCED TOPICS IN SURVEYING
Route Surveying - Reconnaissance - Route surveys for highways, railways and waterways Simple curves – Compound and reverse curves - Setting out Methods – Transition curves –
Functions and requirements - Setting out by offsets and angles - Vertical curves - Sight distanceshydrographic surveying – Tides - MSL - Sounding methods - Three-point problem - Strength of fix
- Sextants and station pointer- Astronomical Surveying – field observations and determination of
Azimuth by altitude and hour angle methods – fundamentals of Photogrammetry and
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
On completion of this course students shall be able to understand the advantages of electronic
surveying over conventional surveying methods
Understand the working principle of GPS, its components, signal structure, and error
Understand various GPS surveying methods and processing techniques used in GPS
James M. Anderson and Edward M. Mikhail, "Surveying, Theory and Practice",
7th Edition, McGraw Hill, 2001.
Bannister and S. Raymond, "Surveying", 7th Edition, Longman 2004.
Laurila, S.H. "Electronic Surveying in Practice", John Wiley and Sons Inc, 1993
Alfred Leick, "GPS satellite surveying", John Wiley & Sons Inc., 3rd Edition, 2004.
Guocheng Xu, " GPS Theory, Algorithms
and Applications", Springer - Berlin, 2003.
Satheesh Gopi, rasathishkumar, N. madhu,
“Advanced Surveying, Total Station GPS and
Remote Sensing" Pearson education , 2007