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Traffic Engineering and Management

by Engineering Kings
Type: NoteInstitute: Anna university Specialization: Civil EngineeringOffline Downloads: 31Views: 412Uploaded: 1 month agoAdd to Favourite

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Traffic Engineering and Management by Engineering Kings

Engineering Kings
Engineering Kings

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Engineering Kings
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Visit : CE 2026 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 Significance and scope, Characteristics of Vehicles and Road Users, Skid Resistance andBraking Efficiency (Problems), Components of Traffic Engineering- Road, Traffic and Land UseCharacteristics UNIT II TRAFFIC SURVEYS AND ANALYSIS 9 Surveys and Analysis - Volume, Capacity, Speed and Delays, Origin and Destination, Parking,Pedestrian Studies, Accident Studies and Safety Level of Services- Basic principles of TrafficFlow. UNIT III TRAFFIC CONTROL 9 Traffic signs, Road markings, Design of Traffic signals and Signal coordination (Problems),Traffic control aids and Street furniture, Street Lighting, Computer applications in Signal design UNIT IV GEOMETRIC DESIGN OF INTERSECTIONS 9 Conflicts at Intersections, Classification of „At Grade Intersections, Channallised Intersections- Principles of Intersection Design, Elements of Intersection Design, Rotary design, GradeSeparation and interchanges - Design principles. UNIT V TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 9 Traffic Management- Transportation System Management (TSM) - Travel DemandManagement (TDM), Traffic Forecasting techniques, Restrictions on turning movements, One-wayStreets, Traffic Segregation, Traffic Calming, Tidal flow operations, Exclusive Bus Lanes,Introduction to Intelligent Transportation System (ITS). Visit :
Visit : UNIT-1 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT 1. SCOPE AND SIGNIFICANCE  Traffic engineering covers a broad range of engineering applications with a focus on the safety of the public, the efficient use of transportation resources, and the mobility of people and goods.  Traffic engineering involves a variety of engineering and management skills, including design, operation, and system optimization. In order to address the above requirement, the traffic engineer must first understand the traffic flow behaviour and characteristics by extensive collection of traffic flow data and analysis. Based on this analysis, traffic flow is controlled so that the transport infrastructure is used optimally as well as with good service quality.  In short, the role of traffic engineer is to protect the environment while providing mobility, to preserve scarce resources while assuring economic activity, and to assure safety and security to people and vehicles, through both acceptable practices and high-tech communications. 1.1 Other important disciplines In addition to the four major disciplines of transportation, there are several other important disciplines that are being evolved in the past few decades. Although it is difficult to categorize them into separate well defined disciplines because of the significant overlap, it may be worth the effort to highlight the importance given by the transportation community. They can be enumerated as below: 1. Public transportation: Public transportation or mass transportation deals with study of the transportation system that meets the travel need of several people by sharing a vehicle. Generally this focuses on the urban travel by bus and rail transit. The major topics include characteristics of various modes; planning, management and operations; and policies for promoting public transportation. Visit :
Visit : 2. Financial and economic analysis: Transportation facilities require large capital investments. Therefore it is imperative that whoever invests money should get the returns. When government invests in transportation, its objective is not often monetary returns; but social benefits. The economic analysis of transportation project tries to quantify the economic benefit which includes saving in travel time, fuel consumption, etc. This will help the planner in evaluating various projects and to optimally allocate funds. On the contrary, private sector investments require monetary projects from the projects. Financial evaluation tries to quantify the return from a project. 3. Environmental impact assessment: The depletion of fossil fuels and the degradation of the environment has been a severe concern of the planners in the past few decades. Transportation; in spite of its benefits to the society is a major contributor to the above concern. The environmental impact assessment attempts in quantifying the environmental impacts and tries to evolve strategies for the mitigation and reduction of the impact due to both construction and operation. The primary impacts are fuel consumption, air pollution, and noise pollution. 4. Accident analysis and reduction: One of the silent killers of humanity is transportation. Several statistics evaluates that more people are killed due to transportation than great wars and natural disasters. This discipline of transportation looks at the causes of accidents, from the perspective of human, road, and vehicle and formulate plans for the reduction. 5. Intelligent transport system: With advent to computers, communication, and vehicle technology, it is possible in these days to operate transportation system much effectively with significant reduction in the adverse impacts of transportation. Intelligent transportation system orders better mobility, efficiency, and safety with the help of the state-of-the-art-technology. The study of traffic engineering may be divided into six major sections: 1. Traffic characteristics 2. Traffic surveys and analysis 3. Traffic operation control and regulations 4. Planning and analysis 5. Geometric design Visit :

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