Scope of Thermodynamics, Macroscopic and Microscopic approaches, Definition of Fixed mass (closed systems) and Control volume(open system), Properties (extensive and Intensive), State and its representation on a property diagram, Process and its presentation, Cyclic process (or cycle) and its representation, Law of Thermodynamics and temperature, Measurement of temperature and calibration of thermometers, the ideal gas temperature scale.
Work Transfer (definition and calculation), Different modes of work, Displacement
Work for various process, Heat Transfer; Modes of heat transfer, Basic laws in conduction, convection and radiation, combined modes of heat transfer with examples.
Formal statement (using cyclic processes), First law for processes of fixed masses(closed
systems) and introduction of internal energy as a thermodynamics property, Introduction of enthalpy as a thermodynamic property; Definition of specific heats and their use in calculation of internal energy and enthalpy with emphasis on ideal gages. Nozzle, Diffuser, Compressor, Turbine, Throttling device, Heat Exchanger.(only steady flow need be considered) .