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Note for Professional Ethics - PE by Engineering Kings

  • Professional Ethics - PE
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specialized training. An occupation becomes a profession when a group of people sharing the same occupation work together in a morally acceptable way with members setting and following a certain ethics code. A professional is a practitioner belonging to a specific profession. Professional ethics, as opposed to personal values and morality, is a set of ethical standards and values a practicing engineer is required to follow. It sets the standards for professional practice, and is only learned in a professional school or while practicing ones own profession. Today, it is an essential part of professional education because it helps students deal with issues they will face. The scope of engineering ethics envelopes diverse activities like 1. Engineering as a social experimentation 2. Engineers responsibility for safety 3. Role of engineers, managers, consultants etc. 4. Rights of engineers 5. Moral reasoning and ethical theories 6. Responsibility to employers 7. Global issues and concerns The best way to teach engineering ethics is by using case studies—not just the disaster cases that make the news, but the kinds of cases that an engineer is more likely to encounter. Many real time cases are available or some hypothetical cases can be constructed and there are methods for analyzing them. Engineering ethics can be taught in a free-standing course, but there are strong arguments for introducing ethics in technical courses as well. If the subject of professional ethics is how members of a profession should, or should not, affect others in the course of practicing their profession, then engineering ethics is an essential aspect of engineering itself and education in professional responsibilities should be part of professional education in engineering, just as it is in law and medicine. Professional Codes of Ethics A code of ethics prescribes how professionals are to pursue their common ideal so that each may do the best at a minimal cost to oneself and those they care about. The code is to protect each professional from certain pressures (for example, the pressure to cut corners to save money) by making it reasonably likely (and more likely then otherwise) that most other members of the profession will not take advantage. A code is a solution to a coordination problem. A professional has obligations to the employer, to customers, to other professionals- colleagues with specific expectations of reciprocity. Individual Responsibility: An individual in his professional capacity has responsibility for the regular tasks he is assigned, for the outcomes of the actions and decisions. A professional is answerable and liable for the actions. He should have the capacity and moral strength to defend his actions/decisions. Individuals may fail for one or the other of the following reasons: 1. failure to meet

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minimum appropriate standards or falling very much below expectations due to negligence, 2. deliberate underperformance

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INTEGERITY AND WORK ETHIC MORALITY AND ETHICS • • • • ot. in • Concerns the goodness of voluntary human conduct that affects the self or other living things Morality (Latin mores) usually refers to any aspect of human action Ethics (Greek ethos) commonly refers only to professional behavior Ethics consist of the application of fundamental moral principles and reflect our dedication to fair treatment of each other, and of society as a whole. An individual‟s own values can result in acceptance or rejection of society‟s ethical standards because even thoughtfully developed ethical rules can conflict with individual values. ASPECTS OF ETHICS sp There are two aspects to ethics:  The first involves the ability to discern right from wrong, good from evil and propriety from impropriety.  The second involves the commitment to do what is right, good and proper. Ethics entails action. Ci vil da ta s.b log HUMAN VALUES; MORALS, VALUES AND ETHICS For understanding of how in order for individuals, organizations and societies to endure and function effectively, it is essential that an individual's positive exalting forces be rediscovered and revitalized. Human values embrace the entire range of values pertinent to the human condition, interest, behavior, and aspiration. While laws are a set of rules for personal or corporate behavior and working against such rules will attract recrimination and punishment, morals on the other hand are a set of standards for personal behavior and ethics are a set of standards for professional behavior. Morals and ethics are self imposed or regulated and voluntary when broadly interpreted. Work ethic Work ethic is a set of values based on hard work and diligence. It is also a belief in the moral benefit of work and its ability to enhance character. A work ethic may include being reliable, having initiative, or pursuing new skills. Workers exhibiting a good work ethic in theory should be selected for better positions, more responsibility and ultimately promotion. Workers

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who fail to exhibit a good work ethic may be regarded as failing to provide fair value for the wage the employer is paying them and should not be promoted or placed in positions of greater responsibility. Work ethic is not just hard work but also a set of accompanying virtues, whose crucial role in the development and sustaining of free markets. Benjamin Franklin wrote: ‘Remember, that time is money. He that can earn ten shillings a day by his labor, and goes abroad, or sits idle, one half of that day, though he spends but sixpence during his diversion or idleness, ought not to reckon that the only expense; he has really spent, or rather thrown away, five shillings besides. ... Remember, that money is the prolific, generating nature. Money can beget money, and its offspring can beget more, and so on. Five shillings turned is six, turned again is seven and three pence, and so on, till it becomes a hundred pounds. The more there is of it, the more it produces every turning, so that the profits rise quicker and quicker. He that kills a breeding sow, destroys all her offspring to the thousandth generation. He that murders a crown, destroys all that it might have produced, even scores of pounds.’ Criticism of work ethic Countercultural groups, most notably slacker, hippie and hacker communities, have challenged these values in recent decades, characterizing them as submissive to authority and social convention, and not valuable in and of themselves, but only if it brings a positive result. An alternative perspective has arisen in recent years, suggesting that the work ethic is being subverted in a broader, more mainstream and more readily marketed-to proportion of society. This perspective has given rise to the phrase "work smart". In the 19th century, the Arts and Crafts movement of William Morris in the UK and Elbert Hubbard in the US noted how

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