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BASICS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

by Jyotirmayee ReddyJyotirmayee Reddy
Type: NoteInstitute: ABDUL KALAM TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY Specialization: Mechanical EngineeringOffline Downloads: 5Views: 255Uploaded: 23 days ago

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BASICS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING by Jyotirmayee Reddy

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1  MODULE I  CE 100 – BASICS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING Module I INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL ENGINEERING  Civil  Engineering  deals  with  construction  activities  of  buildings,  roads,  bridges,  tunnels,  etc.  and  also  with  engineered  constructions,  their  planning,  design,  construction  and  management.  Enjoying  spacious  and  comfortable  living  in  a  building,  or an underground enclave; driving from a given location to virtually any region in the  continent; and having plenty of clean water available for any domestic use are some of  the examples that the civil engineering profession offer today.  The main scope of Civil Engineering is planning, designing, estimating, supervising  and management of different construction activities.   Various Disciplines of Civil Engineering According to scope, type of structures and activities carried out, following are the  main branches of civil engineering:  i. Building Construction ii. Advanced Building Construction iii. Building Planning and Management iv. Environmental Engineering or Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering v. Geotechnical Engineering (Soil Mechanics) vi. Surveying and Levelling vii. Structural Engineering viii. Transportation Engineering ix. Town Planning x. Water Resource Engineering  Building Construction o Construction of various structures and different types of buildings Basil Mathai  Asst. Prof., Muthoot Institute of Technology and Science, Varikoli, Ernakulam February 2017 
2  MODULE I  CE 100 – BASICS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING o Construction  of  building  components  like  brick  work,  Reinforced  Cement Concrete (RCC) works, foundations, doors and windows, floor, roof, etc. o Study of engineering materials like cement, steel, timber, glass, etc.  Advanced Building Construction o Study of construction of deep foundations o Underwater construction o Construction of dams, bridges, tunnels, off‐shore oil rig, etc. o Study  of  equipment  like  power  shovel,  rollers,  cranes  etc.  for  large  scale projects  Building Planning and Management o Fundamental principles of planning o Building bye‐laws o Planning of public, residential and industrial buildings o Construction management of whole project o Management of construction materials, labour and equipment  Environmental Engineering o Design,  construction  and  maintenance  of  water  treatment  plant,  water distribution system and sewage system o Waste water treatment and solid waste management o Air, water and land pollution  Geotechnical Engineering o Soil investigation o Design of foundations o Measurement of soil parameters and safe bearing capacity of soil o Study of geology Basil Mathai  Asst. Prof., Muthoot Institute of Technology and Science, Varikoli, Ernakulam February 2017 
3  MODULE I  CE 100 – BASICS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING  Surveying and Levelling o For setting out of works o For preparing maps of land o Measurement of levels of land and prepare contour maps o Carried  out  using  chains,  compass,  plane  table,  levels,  theodolites,  EDM instruments, etc.  Structural Engineering o Design  of  RCC  structures  (Retaining  walls,  water  tanks,  bridges,  residential buildings, etc.) o Design  of  steel  structures  (railway  platform,  factory  sheds,  steel  bridges, etc.) o Design of earth quake resistant structures o Concrete technology  Transportation Engineering o Airport engineering o Bridge engineering o Harbour and Docks engineering o Highway engineering o Railway engineering o Tunnel engineering o Traffic engineering  Town Planning o Arrangement of various components of a town in such a way that the town attains significance of a living organism o Towns  are  divided  into  different  zones  like  residential  zone,  commercial zone, industrial zone, etc. Basil Mathai  Asst. Prof., Muthoot Institute of Technology and Science, Varikoli, Ernakulam February 2017 
4  MODULE I  CE 100 – BASICS OF CIVIL ENGINEERING  Water Resources Engineering o Fluid Mechanics – deals with behaviour of all, more or less incompressible, liquids and gases o Hydrology – deals with study of sources of water, measurement and study of rainfall, flood, etc. o Irrigation  Engineering  –  deals  with  designing  of  hydraulic  structures  like dams, canals, etc.  Relevance of Civil Engineering in Overall Infrastructural Development The  importance  of  infrastructure  for  sustained  economic  development  is  well  recognised. The visible signs of current shortfalls include increasingly congested roads,  power  failures,  shortage  of  drinking  water,  etc.  These  illustrate  the  widening  gap  between demand and supply of infrastructure.  There is a potential for public‐private partnerships to contribute more and help to  bridge the infrastructure gap in India. There is a need of holistic approach to look into  infrastructure  from  the  industrial  perspective  to  enhance  the  quality  of  inputs  to  the  operations of the company.  Buildings  are  designed  by  civil  engineers  by  conveying  an  array  of  structural  elements  that  support  the  architectural  spatial  distribution.  Highway  is  designed  by  creating a plane that adequately supports weight and stresses of vehicles in motion. The  water resource system is designed by a civil engineer that arranges for water intake at  an  appropriate  source,  a  water  conveyance  set  and  a  water  distribution  network.  The  civil engineer designs waste water disposal and waste water treatment plants.  Operations management for infrastructural development has three major aspects:  i. Quality ii. Cost and iii. Time Basil Mathai  Asst. Prof., Muthoot Institute of Technology and Science, Varikoli, Ernakulam February 2017 

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