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Note for FUNDAMENTALS OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING - FME By Abdul Arif

  • FUNDAMENTALS OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING - FME
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  • Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Anantapur (JNTU) College of Engineering (CEP), Pulivendula, Pulivendula, Andhra Pradesh, India - JNTUACEP
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Abdul Arif, Asst Professor in Mechanical Engg. FUNDAMENTALS OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING References 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. “A Textbook of Elements of Mechanical Engineering”, K R Gopalakrishna, Subhas Publishers, Bengaluru. “Elements of Mechanical Engineering”, V K Manglik, PHI Learning Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 2014. “Introduction to Engineering Materials”, B.K. Agrawal, Mc Graw Hill. “Elements of Mechanical Engineering”, K P Roy, S K Hazra Choudhury and Nirjhar Roy, Media Promoters and Publishers Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, 2012. “A Textbook of Elements of Mechanical Engineering”, S Trymbaka Murthy, University Press (India) Pvt Ltd, 4th Edition, 2006. “Basic Mechanical Engineering”, Pravin Kumar, Perason Education, 2013. “Fundamental of Mechanical Engineering”, G.S. Sawhney, PHI. “Thermal Science and Engineering”, Dr. D.S. Kumar, Kataria.

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B.TECH. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Course Objectives: Understanding of basic principles of Mechanical Engineering is required in various field of engineering. Course Outcomes: After learning the course the students should be able to • • To understand the fundamentals of mechanical systems. To understand and appreciate significance of mechanical engineering in different fields of engineering. UNIT - I Introduction: Prime movers and its types, Concept of Force, Pressure, Energy, Work, Power, System, Heat, Temperature, Specific heat capacity, Change of state, Path, Process, Cycle, Internal energy, Enthalpy, Statements of Zeroth Law and First law. Energy: Introduction and applications of Energy sources like Fossil fuels, Nuclear fuels, Hydel, Solar, wind, and bio-fuels, Environmental issues like Global warming and Ozone depletion. UNIT - II Properties of gases: Gas laws, Boyle's law, Charle's law, Combined gas law, Gas constant, Relation between Cp and Cv, Various non-flow processes like constant volume process, constant pressure process, Isothermal process, Adiabatic process, Poly-tropic process Properties of Steam: Steam formation, Types of Steam, Enthalpy, Specific volume, Internal energy and dryness fraction of steam, use of Steam tables, steam calorimeters. Steam Boilers: Introduction, Classification, Cochran, Lancashire and Babcock and Wilcox boiler, functioning of different mountings and accessories. UNIT - III Heat Engines: Heat Engine cycle and Heat Engine, working substances, Classification of heat engines, Description and thermal efficiency of Carnot; Rankine; Otto cycle and Diesel cycles. Internal Combustion Engines: Introduction, Classification, Engine details, four- stroke/ two-stroke cycle Petrol/Diesel engines, Indicated power, Brake Power, Efficiencies. UNIT - IV Pumps: Types and operation of Reciprocating, Rotary and Centrifugal pumps, Priming Air Compressors: Types and operation of Reciprocating and Rotary air compressors, significance of Multistage.

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Refrigeration & Air Conditioning: Refrigerant, Vapor compression refrigeration system, vapor absorption refrigeration system, Domestic Refrigerator, Window and split air conditioners. UNIT - V Couplings, Clutches and Brakes: Construction and applications of Couplings (Box; Flange; Pin type flexible; Universal and Oldham), Clutches (Disc and Centrifugal), and Brakes (Block; Shoe; Band and Disc). Transmission of Motion and Power: Shaft and axle, Belt drive, Chain drive, Friction drive, Gear drive. Engineering Materials: Types and applications of Ferrous & Nonferrous metals, Timber, Abrasive material, silica, ceramics, glass, graphite, diamond, plastic and polymer.

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UNIT - I

Lecture Notes