B.TECH. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
FUNDAMENTALS OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Course Objectives: Understanding of basic principles of Mechanical Engineering is required
in various field of engineering.
Course Outcomes: After learning the course the students should be able to
To understand the fundamentals of mechanical systems.
To understand and appreciate significance of mechanical engineering in different
fields of engineering.
UNIT - I
Introduction: Prime movers and its types, Concept of Force, Pressure, Energy, Work,
Power, System, Heat, Temperature, Specific heat capacity, Change of state, Path, Process,
Cycle, Internal energy, Enthalpy, Statements of Zeroth Law and First law.
Energy: Introduction and applications of Energy sources like Fossil fuels, Nuclear fuels,
Hydel, Solar, wind, and bio-fuels, Environmental issues like Global warming and Ozone
UNIT - II
Properties of gases: Gas laws, Boyle's law, Charle's law, Combined gas law, Gas constant,
Relation between Cp and Cv, Various non-flow processes like constant volume process,
constant pressure process, Isothermal process, Adiabatic process, Poly-tropic process
Properties of Steam: Steam formation, Types of Steam, Enthalpy, Specific volume, Internal
energy and dryness fraction of steam, use of Steam tables, steam calorimeters.
Steam Boilers: Introduction, Classification, Cochran, Lancashire and Babcock and Wilcox
boiler, functioning of different mountings and accessories.
UNIT - III
Heat Engines: Heat Engine cycle and Heat Engine, working substances, Classification of
heat engines, Description and thermal efficiency of Carnot; Rankine; Otto cycle and Diesel
Internal Combustion Engines: Introduction, Classification, Engine details, four- stroke/
two-stroke cycle Petrol/Diesel engines, Indicated power, Brake Power, Efficiencies.
UNIT - IV
Pumps: Types and operation of Reciprocating, Rotary and Centrifugal pumps, Priming
Air Compressors: Types and operation of Reciprocating and Rotary air compressors,
significance of Multistage.