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Note for Principles of Management - POM By Manimohan Ramasamy

  • Principles of Management - POM
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PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT “They say that dedicating is one of the most beautiful acts of love one can perform. I would argue that it is even more beautiful to dedicate this to you without saying my name” WWW.Vidyarthiplus.Com

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PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT (MG2351) UNIT I OVERVIEW OF MANAGEMENT Definition - Management - Role of managers - Evolution of Management thought Organization and the environmental factors – Trends and Challenges of Management in Global Scenario. UNIT II PLANNING Nature and purpose of planning - Planning process - Types of plans – Objectives - Managing by objective (MBO) Strategies - Types of strategies - Policies - Decision Making - Types of decision - Decision Making Process - Rational Decision Making Process - Decision Making under different conditions. UNIT III ORGANIZING Nature and purpose of organizing - Organization structure - Formal and informal groups organization - Line and Staff authority - Departmentation - Span of control - Centralization and Decentralization - Delegation of authority - Staffing - Selection and Recruitment - Orientation - Career Development - Career stages – Training - Performance Appraisal. UNIT IV DIRECTING Creativity Leadership and Innovation Styles - - Motivation Leadership theories and Satisfaction - Communication - Motivation - Barriers Theories to - effective communication - Organization Culture - Elements and types of culture - Managing cultural diversity. UNIT V CONTROLLING Process of controlling - Types of control - Budgetary and non-budgetary control techniques - Managing Productivity - Cost Control - Purchase Control - Maintenance Control - Quality Control - Planning operations. WWW.Vidyarthiplus.Com

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UNIT I OVERVIEW OF MANAGEMENT DEFINITION According to Harold Koontz, “Management is an art of getting things done through and with the people in formally organized groups. It is an art of creating an environment in which people can perform and individuals and can co-operate towards attainment of group goals”. LEVELS OF MANAGEMENT The three levels of management are as follows 1. The Top Management It consists of board of directors, chief executive or managing director. The top management is the ultimate source of authority and it manages goals and policies for an enterprise. It devotes more time on planning and coordinating functions. The role of the top management can be summarized as follows – WWW.Vidyarthiplus.Com

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a. Top management lays down the objectives and broad policies of the enterprise. b. It issues necessary instructions for preparation of department budgets, procedures, schedules etc. c. It prepares strategic plans & policies for the enterprise. d. It appoints the executive for middle level i.e. departmental managers. e. It controls & coordinates the activities of all the departments. f. It is also responsible for maintaining a contact with the outside world. g. It provides guidance and direction. h. The top management is also responsible towards the shareholders for the performance of the enterprise. 2. Middle Level Management The branch managers and departmental managers constitute middle level. They are responsible to the top management for the functioning of their department. They devote more time to organizational and directional functions. In small organization, there is only one layer of middle level of management but in big enterprises, there may be senior and junior middle level management. Their role can be emphasized as – a. They execute the plans of the organization in accordance with the policies and directives of the top management. b. They make plans for the sub-units of the organization. c. They participate in employment & training of lower level management. d. They interpret and explain policies from top level management to lower level. e. They are responsible for coordinating the activities within the division or department. f. It also sends important reports and other important data to top level management. g. They evaluate performance of junior managers. h. They are also responsible for inspiring lower level managers towards better performance. 3. Lower Level Management Lower level is also known as supervisory / operative level of management. It consists of supervisors, foreman, section officers, superintendent etc. According to R.C. Davis, “Supervisory management refers to those executives whose work has to be largely with WWW.Vidyarthiplus.Com

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