×
DON'T FORGET THE LIFESTYLE YOU HAVE PROMISED TO YOURSELF.
--Your friends at LectureNotes
Close

Note for Computer System Design - CSD By Raveendra Padala

  • Computer System Design - CSD
  • Note
  • 123 Views
  • 3 Offline Downloads
  • Uploaded 4 months ago
Raveendra Padala
Raveendra Padala
0 User(s)
Download PDFOrder Printed Copy

Share it with your friends

Leave your Comments

Text from page-2

COMPUTER SYSTEM DESIGN System-on-Chip Michael J. Flynn Wayne Luk A JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC., PUBLICATION www.allitebooks.com ffirs02.indd iii 5/4/2011 9:54:46 AM

Text from page-3

Copyright © 2011 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. Published simultaneously in Canada. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 750-4470, or on the web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should he addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., II 1 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-601 1, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales representatives or written sales materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation. You should consult with a professional where appropriate. Neither the publisher nor author shall be liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial damages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages. For general infor-nation on our other products and services or for technical support, please contact our Customer Care Department within the United States at (800) 762-2974, outside the United States at (317) 572-3993 or fax (317) 572-4002. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic formats. For more information about Wiley products, visit our web site at www.wiley.com. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Flynn, M. J. (Michael J.), 1934– Computer system design : system-on-chip / Michael J. Flynn, Wayne Luk. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-470-64336-5 (hardback) 1. Systems on a chip. I. Luk, Wayne. II. Title. TK7895.E42F65 2011 004.1–dc22 2010040981 Printed in Singapore oBook ISBN: 9781118009925 ePDF ISBN: 9781118009901 ePub ISBN: 9781118009918 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 www.allitebooks.com ffirs03.indd iv 5/4/2011 9:54:46 AM

Text from page-4

CONTENTS Preface xiii List of Abbreviations and Acronyms xvii 1 Introduction to the Systems Approach 1 1.1 1.2 1 System Architecture: An Overview Components of the System: Processors, Memories, and Interconnects 1.3 Hardware and Software: Programmability Versus Performance 1.4 Processor Architectures 1.4.1 Processor: A Functional View 1.4.2 Processor: An Architectural View 1.5 Memory and Addressing 1.5.1 SOC Memory Examples 1.5.2 Addressing: The Architecture of Memory 1.5.3 Memory for SOC Operating System 1.6 System-Level Interconnection 1.6.1 Bus-Based Approach 1.6.2 Network-on-Chip Approach 1.7 An Approach for SOC Design 1.7.1 Requirements and Specifications 1.7.2 Design Iteration 1.8 System Architecture and Complexity 1.9 Product Economics and Implications for SOC 1.9.1 Factors Affecting Product Costs 1.9.2 Modeling Product Economics and Technology Complexity: The Lesson for SOC 1.10 Dealing with Design Complexity 1.10.1 Buying IP 1.10.2 Reconfiguration 1.11 Conclusions 1.12 Problem Set 2 5 7 8 9 19 20 21 22 24 24 25 26 26 27 29 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 v www.allitebooks.com ftoc.indd v 5/4/2011 9:54:47 AM

Text from page-5

vi 2 CONTENTS Chip Basics: Time, Area, Power, Reliability, and Configurability 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 3 Introduction 2.1.1 Design Trade-Offs 2.1.2 Requirements and Specifications Cycle Time 2.2.1 Defining a Cycle 2.2.2 Optimum Pipeline 2.2.3 Performance Die Area and Cost 2.3.1 Processor Area 2.3.2 Processor Subunits Ideal and Practical Scaling Power Area–Time–Power Trade-Offs in Processor Design 2.6.1 Workstation Processor 2.6.2 Embedded Processor Reliability 2.7.1 Dealing with Physical Faults 2.7.2 Error Detection and Correction 2.7.3 Dealing with Manufacturing Faults 2.7.4 Memory and Function Scrubbing Configurability 2.8.1 Why Reconfigurable Design? 2.8.2 Area Estimate of Reconfigurable Devices Conclusion Problem Set 39 39 39 42 43 43 44 46 47 47 50 53 57 60 60 61 62 62 65 68 69 69 69 70 71 71 Processors 74 3.1 3.2 74 76 76 76 79 81 81 82 82 84 3.3 Introduction Processor Selection for SOC 3.2.1 Overview 3.2.2 Example: Soft Processors 3.2.3 Examples: Processor Core Selection Basic Concepts in Processor Architecture 3.3.1 Instruction Set 3.3.2 Some Instruction Set Conventions 3.3.3 Branches 3.3.4 Interrupts and Exceptions www.allitebooks.com ftoc.indd vi 5/4/2011 9:54:47 AM

Lecture Notes