Concept of Industrial Management • Application of Management theories & concepts are now all pervasive and all encompassing. • With Best engineering skills and knowledge, professional cannot just sustain since any operational issues require application of management techniques. • Any engineer by profession is also a manager, as engineers also qualify in the classical test of managerial roles, interpersonal roles, and informational roles and decisional role.
Industrial Management • Industrial management, as a branch of engineering facilitates creation of management systems and integrates the same with people and their activities to productively utilize the resources. • The subject emphasizes studying the performance of machines and so also the people. • Industrial management, therefore, in the structured approach to manage the operational activities of an organization.
Process of Development of Industrial Management S. No. Orientation Pioneered by Definition concerned with 1. Productivity orientation F.W. Taylor & J. F. Mee Increased Productivity 2. Human Relations Orientation L. A. Applay & H. Knortz Emphasis on people 3 Decision making Orientation Ross Moore & Stanley Vance Decision making as primary management function 4. Leadership Orientation Donald J. Clough & Leadership is the Ralph C. essence of Management Process Orientation Dalton, & McFarland 5. Management as process
Development of Management F.W. Taylor F. B. Gilberth Henry L. Gantt Administrative Theory H. Fayol Max Weber Mark Parker Follet Elton Mayo A. Maslow Douglas Mc Gregor Chris Argyris 1. Classical School of Thought Development of Scientific Management Time & Motion Studies The Gantt Chart General Theory of Management Rules 2. Neo- Classical Thought Group Influences Effect of human motivation on productivity & output Relates human motivation to hierarchy of needs Puts emphasis on human characteristics Theory X & theory Y and the corresponding style of leadership Human & Organizational Development 3. Modern Approaches Quantitative School of thought System Theory Approach The Contingency Theory (1856- 1915) (1868- 1924) (1861- 1919) (1868-1933) (1880- 1949) (1906- 1964)