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Note for Transportation Engineering 1 - TE1 by Hemant Gulati

  • Transportation Engineering 1 - TE1
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Hemant Gulati
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Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra B.Tech (Civil Engineering) Transportation Engineering – I Unit – I Chapter - I Er. Hemant Gulati

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Transportation Meaning The process of moving an item from point A to point B. Definition Safe, efficient, reliable and sustainable movement of persons and goods over time and space.

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Importance of Transportation • Transportation contributes to the economic, industrial, social and cultural development of any country. • Every commodity produced needs transport at all stages from production to distribution. - In production stage, transportation is required for carrying raw materials like seeds, coal, steel etc. - In distribution stage, transportation is required from the production centres to the marketing centre and later to the retailers and consumers. The adequacy of transportation system of a country indicates its economic and social development.

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Economic Activity and Transport Economic activties are the processes by means of which the products are utilized to satisfy human wants. Two important factors well known in economic activity are: i.) Production or Supply. ii.) Consumption for human wants or demands. • It may be said that the increased productivity and its efficient transportation can lower the cost of the products. • The transportation cost is always an influencing factor on consumer price of commodities.

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