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Note for Introduction To Nanotechnology - IN By Jaipur Tycoons

  • Introduction To Nanotechnology - IN
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INTRODUCTION TO NANOTECHNOLOGY Charles P. Poole, Jr. Frank J. Owens @z+::iCIENcE A JOHN WILEY 81 SONS, INC., PUBLICATION

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Copyright Q 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. Published simultaneously in Canada. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.. 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923. 978-750-8400, fax 978-750-4470, or on the web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 11 1 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-601 1, fax (201) 748-6008, e-mail: permreq@wiley.com. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales representatives or written sales materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation. You should consult with a professional where appropriate. Neither the publisher nor author shall be liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial damages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages. For general information on our other products and services please contact our Customer Care Department within the US. at 877-762-2974, outside the US. at 3 17-572-3993 or fax 317-572-4002. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print, however, may not be available in electronic format. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-PublicationData: Poole, Charles P Introduction to nanotechnology/Charles P Poole, Jr., Frank J. Owens. p.cm. “A Wiley-Interscience publication.” Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-471 -07935-9 (cloth) 1. Nanotechnology. I. Owens, Frank J. 11. Title T174.7. P66 2003 620.54~21 Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 2002191031

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CONTENTS xi Preface 1 Introduction 2 Introduction to Physics of the Solid State 2.1 Structure 8 2.1.1 Size Dependence of Properties 8 2.1.2 Crystal Structures 9 2.1.3 Face-Centered Cubic Nanoparticles 12 2.1.4 Tetrahedrally Bonded Semiconductor Structures 15 2.1.5 Lattice Vibrations 18 2.2 Energy Bands 20 2.2.1 Insulators, Semiconductors, and Conductors 20 2.2.2 Reciprocal Space 22 2.2.3 Energy Bonds and Gaps of Semiconductors 23 2.2.4 Effective Masses 28 2.2.5 Fermi Surfaces 29 2.3 Localized Particles 30 2.3.1 Donors, Acceptors, and Deep Traps 30 2.3.2 Mobility 31 2.3.3 Excitons 32 3 Methods of Measuring Properties 1 8 35 3.1 Introduction 35 3.2 Structure 36 3.2.1 Atomic Structures 36 3.2.2 Crystallography 37 V

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