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Note for Applied Chemistry - CHEM By Yash Yadav

  • Applied Chemistry - CHEM
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DEPARTMENT - ENGINEERING SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES Course Pack FOR APPLIED CHEMISTRY-CH132 CH132 - APPLIED CHEMISTRY Total Teaching Hours For Semester : 90 Total Teaching Hours For Semester : 6 Max Marks : 100 Credits : 4 Course Objectives/Course Description: ● To describe the students on application oriented themes like the chemistry of materials used in engineering discipline ● To describe the students on the chemistry of compounds resulting from pollution, waste generation and environmental degradation and to apply the knowledge in solving these current environmental problems effectively. Learning Outcome ● Students will gain an understanding of oxidation and reduction reactions as they relate to engineering applications, such as corrosion. ● Students will understand the importance of Surface chemistry and Industrial catalysis and also they will recognize few characterization techniques in Material Sceinces. ● Will understand the design and development of Photovoltaic devices. ● Will be understanding some Instrumental methods of analysis Unit-1 Teaching Hours:10 Chemical Energy Sources Chemical Energy Sources 10 HoursIntroduction to energy; Fuels - definition, classification, importance of hydrocarbons as fuels; Calorific value -definition, Gross and Net calorific values. Ultimate and proximate analysis of fuel, Determination of calorific value of a solid / liquid fuel using Bomb calorimeter. Cracking – Thermal Catalytic & fluidised cracking. Reformation, Knocking - mechanism, octane number, cetane number, prevention of knocking- anti-knocking agents, unleaded petrol, Power alcohol. synthetic petrol – Bergius process and Fischer Tropsch process.Solar Energy : Physical and chemical properties of silicon, production of silicon for photovoltaic cell – Mettalurgical grade, Solar grade. Purification of silicon – Zone refining crystal pulling technique - Photovoltaic cells- Introduction, VB Theory, definition, working of a PV cell, Merits and demerits. Unit-2 Teaching Hours:15 Electrochemical Energy Systems (Electrode potential and cells) Electrochemical Energy Systems (Electrode potential and cells) 8 Hours Conductance, Ionic conductance, Transport number, Ionic mobility, activity coefficient and mean activity coefficients. Single electrode potential- origin, sign conventions. Derivation of Nernst equation. Standard electrode potential Construction of Galvanic cell–classification - primary, secondary and concentration cells, Concentration cell with and without transference, EMF of a cell, notation and conventions. Reference electrodes –calomel electrode, Ag/AgCl electrode. Measurement of single electrode potential. Numerical problems on electrode potential and EMF. Ion-selective electrode- glass electrode, Determination of pH using glass electrode.

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Conversion and Storage of Electrochemical Energy Battery Technology 7 hoursBatteries-Basic concepts, battery characteristics. Classification of batteries –primary, secondary and reserve batteries. Classical Batteries–Construction working and applications of Zn–air, Nickel-Metal hydride and Lithium-MnO2 batteries, Fuel Cells - Introduction, types of fuel cells-Alkaline, Phosphoric acid and Molten carbonate fuel cells. Solid polymer electrolyte and solid oxide fuel cells. Construction and working of H2O2and Methanol-Oxygen fuel cell Unit-3 Teaching Hours:10 Corrosion Science Corrosion Science 10 Hours Corrosion - definition, Chemical corrosion and Electro-chemical theory of corrosion, Types of corrosion, Differential metal corrosion, Differential aeration corrosion (pitting and water line corrosion), Stress corrosion. Factors affecting the rate of corrosion, Corrosion control: Inorganic coatings – Anodizing and Phosphating, Metal coatings –Galvanization and Tinning, Corrosion Inhibitors, Cathodic and Anodic protection, Tafel Plot. Unit-4 Teaching Hours:15 Surface chemistry and Catalysis Surface chemistry 15 hrsIntroduction - Terminologies in surface chemistry – Adsorption - Characteristics, Classification, Application , Factors affecting Adsorption – Surface Area, temperature, pressure and nature of gas, desorption Activation Energy life time, Adsorption isotherms- Freudlich, Langmuir, BET Catalysis: Introduction, classification- Homogeneous and Heterogeneous, Active Sites-Single & dual- Solid catalystsClassification- Supported, Unsupported, Metal Organic Frameworks Imprint catalysts, Hybrid catalysts, shape selective catalyst, Photocatalysis – application in pollution control – terminologies in material preparation- Precursor, calcination, Ageing, agglomeration regeneration - preparation methods precipitation, co-precipitation, sol-gel and hydrothermal techniques, Catalytic activity. Unit-5 Teaching Hours:10 Water Technology Water Technology: 5 HoursImpurities in water, Water analysis - Determination of different constituents in water – Hardness & Alkalinity, Numerical problems on hardness and alkalinity. Biochemical Oxygen Demand and Chemical Oxygen Demand. Numerical problems on BOD and COD. Sewage treatment. Purification of waterDesalination - Flash evaporation- Electro dialysis and Reverse Osmosis. Material Characterisation Material Characterisation 5 Hours Theory and Applications of Xray Photo electron Spectroscopy(XPS), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Powder Xray diffraction (pXRD) Unit-6 Teaching Hours:30 CHEMISTRY LABORATORY List of Experiments 1. Determination of viscosity coefficient of a given liquid using Ostwald’s viscometer. 2. Determination of copper by spectrophotometric method. 3. Conductometric estimation of an acid using standard NaOH solution 4. Determination of pKa value of a weak acid using pH meter. 5. Potentiometric estimation of FAS using standard K2Cr2O7 solution. 6. Determination of Total Hardness of a sample of water using disodium salt of EDTA. 7. Determination of Calcium Oxide (CaO) in the given sample of cement by Rapid EDTA method. 8. Determination of Carbonate, Bicarbonate and Chloride contents in water. 9. Determination of Iron in the given sample of Haematite ore solution using potassium dichromate crystals by external indication method.

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10. Determination of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) of the given industrial waste Water sample. Text Books And Reference Books: Text Books 1. Dr. B.S. Jai Prakash, “Chemistry for Engineering Students”, Subhas Stores, Bangalore, Revised Edition 2009 ”, Khanna Publishers, Sixth Edition, 2001 2. M. M. Uppal, “Engineering Chemistry 3. Jain and Jain, “A text Book of Engineering Chemistry”, S. Chand & Company Ltd. New Delhi, 2009 th Denny, G.H. Jeffery, “Vogels text book of quantitative inorganic analysis”,4 Edition 4. J. Bassett, R.C. 5. Sunita and Ratan Practical Engineering Chemistry, S.K. Kataria & Sons, 2010. Reference Books•Alkins P.W. “physical chemistry” ELBS IV edition 1998, London•G. W. Gray and P. A. Winsor, “Liquid crystals and plastic crystals”, Vol - I, Ellis Horwood series in Physical Chemistry, New York. (P. No. 106-142)•M. G. Fontana, “Corrosion Engineering”, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publications 1994.•Stanley E. Manahan, “Environmental Chemistry”, Lewis Publishers, 2000•B. R. Puri, L. R. Sharma & M. S. Pathania, ”Principles of Physical Chemistry”, S. Nagin Chand & Co., 33rd Ed.,1992 •Kuriakose J.C. and Rajaram J. “ Chemistry in Engineering and Technology” Vol I & II, Tata Mc Graw – Hill Publications Co Ltd, NewDelhi, 1996. •G. Ertl, H. Knozinger and J. Weitkamp, "Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalysis" Vol 1-5, Wiley - VCH.•B. Viswanathan, S. Sivasanker , A.V. Ramaswamy, "Catalysis : Principles & Applications" CRC Press. Essential Reading / Recommended Reading: •B. Viswanathan, S. Sivasanker , A.V. Ramaswamy, "Catalysis : Principles & Applications" CRC Press.•Alkins P.W. “physical chemistry” ELBS IV edition 1998, London •G. Ertl, H. Knozinger and J. Weitkamp, "Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalysis" Vol 1-5, Wiley - VCH. Additional Information This paper contains five units which are Chemical Energy Sources, Electrochemical Energy Systems, Corrosion Science, Surface Chemistry & catalysis and Water Technology. This paper aims at enabling the students to know various energy sources. Corrosion and its control, Basics of surface chemistry and their application in catalysis, water technology and instrumental analysis through laboratary experience. Evaluation Pattern Applied Chemistry (CH132) Total Marks : 100 Theory Marks : 70% & Practical Marks : 30%Theory marks will be decided by a combination of its continuous internal assessment, end semster examination and attendance percentage of the same theory paper. Continuous Internal Assessment for Theory CIA 1- Unit test and daily Q&A sessions - 20 marksCIA 2- Mid semester examination after the completion of half of the syllabus- 25 marksCIA 3 –Unit Tests and Assignments - 20 marksAttendance - 05 marksEnd Semester Examination - 30 marksContinuous Internal Assessment Chemistry 1. Lab batches will be allotted at the beginning of the semester.2. All calculations pertaining to the experiments should be completed in the laboratory. The results must be shown to the concerned faculty and should obtain signature of faculty before leaving the laboratory. 3. Practical records should be submitted regularly in the following practical sessions for evaluation and grading. Students are not eligible to attend the lab if record is not submitted. CIA Rubrics - Marks distribution for laboratory assessment CIA (50 Marks) carries 2 components 1 component (25 Marks)Record – 10 MarksObservation – 10 MarksViva – 5 Marks (5 questions will be asked) 2nd component- End Sem Exam - 25 MarksWrite-up (Aim, Formula with units, Principle, Circuit diagram/Ray diagram, Model graph, Tabular column) – 10 MarksExperiment conduction (completing the circuit and taking readings, calculations, graph, Result with minimum error percentage, Result) – 10 MarksViva – 5 MarksFor genuine medical reasons, repeat lab will be permitted and max marks awarded will be 20 instead of 25. Marks allotment for Record• 10/10 Punctuality in Record submission – Record will be evaluated for 10 Marks.o 1 Mark - Date. Experiment no, Title of the experiment as per the formato 1 Mark - All subheadings as per the lab manualo 3 Marks Diagram, labeling, Tabular column, grapho 4 Marks – Calculations, Result with accuracyo 1 Mark Neatness• For every One day late submission after the deadline one mark will be deducted.4. For genuine medical reasons, repeat lab will be conducted with the permission of teacher-in-charge.Students participating in events organized by or permitted by the University during the lab hour, have to produce permission letter duly signed by higher authorities and have to complete the lab experiments before the next laboratary hours.. Laboratory ( For 30% of the total marks) Course Plan Class Name : 1BTCHE E Subject Code : CH132 Subject Name : APPLIED CHEMISTRY Teacher Name : MOTHIKRISHNA.MOHAN

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Planned Date 03/07/2017 08/07/2017 10/07/2017 15/07/2017 17/07/2017 22/07/2017 24/07/2017 29/07/2017 31/07/2017 05/08/2017 07/08/2017 12/08/2017 28/08/2017 02/09/2017 04/09/2017 09/09/2017 11/09/2017 16/09/2017 09/10/2017 14/10/2017 No of Hours 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 2.00 3.00 3.00 4.00 2.00 4.00 Unit Heading Details Method Reading/Ref Chalk and Board plus ppt Dr. B.S. Jai Prakash, ?Chemistry for Engineering Students?, Subhas Stores, Bangalore, Revised Edition 2009. Unit-2 Background of electrochemistryFaradays Laws, molar and equivalent Conversion and conductance. Origin of Storage of Single electrode Electrochemical potential ? Stern Energy, Adsorption and Electrochemical Helmholtz electrical Energy Systems double layer and Guoy(Electrode potential chapman layer. and cells) Definition of Single electrode potential, sign conventions. Derivation of Nernst equation Unit-2 Conversion and Storage of Electrochemical Energy, Electrochemical Energy Systems (Electrode potential and cells) Standard electrode potential-definition and determination. Construction of Galvanic cell ? classification Chalk and Board plus primary, secondary and ppt concentration cells. EMF of a cell?definition, notation and conventions. Dr. B.S. Jai Prakash, ?Chemistry for Engineering Students?, Subhas Stores, Bangalore, Revised Edition 2009. Unit-2 Conversion and Storage of Electrochemical Energy, Electrochemical Energy Systems (Electrode potential and cells) Reference electrodes?calomel electrode, Ag/AgCl electrode. Measurement Chalk and Board plus of single electrode ppt potential. Numerical problems on electrode potential and EMF Revision . Jain and Jain, ?A text Book of Engineering Chemistry?, S. Chand and Company Ltd. New Delhi, 2009. Unit-2 Electrochemical Energy Systems (Electrode potential and cells), Conversion and Storage of Electrochemical Energy Ion-selective electrodeglass electrode, determination of pH using glass electrode. Related numerical. Chalk and Board plus ppt Jain and Jain, A text Book of Engineering Chemistry?, S. Chand and Company Ltd. New Delhi, 2009. Corrosion Science Detailed introduction with live and common examples. Definition, Chemical/Dry corrosion and Electro-chemical theory of corrosion. Chalk and Board plus ppt Jain and Jain, A text Book of Engineering Chemistry?, S. Chand and Company Ltd. New Delhi, 2009. Corrosion Science Types of corrosion, Differential metal corrosion, Differential aeration corrosion (pitting and water line corrosion), stress corrosion. Factors affecting the rate of corrosion. Chalk and Board plus ppt Jain and Jain, A text Book of Engineering Chemistry?, S. Chand and Company Ltd. New Delhi, 2009. Corrosion Science Stress corrosion. Factors affecting the rate Chalk and Board plus of corrosion Inorganic ppt coatings ? Anodizing and Phosphating. Jain and Jain, A text Book of Engineering Chemistry?, S. Chand and Company Ltd. New Delhi, 2009. Corrosion Science Metal coatings ?Galvanization and Tinning, Corrosion Inhibitors, Cathodic and Anodic protection, Corrosion Inhibitors, Cathodic and Anodic protection. Revision Chalk and Board plus ppt Jain and Jain, A text Book of Engineering Chemistry?, S. Chand and Company Ltd. New Delhi, 2009. Unit-5 Material Characterisation, Water Technology Impurities in water, Water analysis Determination of different constituents in water - Hardness, Alkalinity, Chloride, Fluoride, Nitrate, Sulphate and Dissolved Oxygen. Numerical problems on hardness and alkalinity. Chalk and Board plus ppt Jain and Jain, A text Book of Engineering Chemistry?, S. Chand and Company Ltd. New Delhi, 2009. Unit-5 Water Technology, Material Characterisation Biochemical Oxygen Demand and Chemical Oxygen Demand. Numerical problems on Chalk and Board plus ppt Jain and Jain, A text Book of Engineering Chemistry?, S. Chand and Company Ltd. New Delhi, 2009. Unit-3 Unit-3 Unit-3 Unit-3

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