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Note for Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering - WSSE By Md_Shahjada_ Alam

  • Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering - WSSE
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Md Shahjada Alam
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M.Tech. (Environmental Engineering) Second Semester (C.B.C.S.) ( RTMNU University, Nagpur ) SHAH ENGINEERING CLASSES A classes of Civil Engineering Department ( Poly/B.E/B.Tech/M.Tech/Gate/J.E(RRB/SSC) ) Core Subject Offered:PHY/Adv.PHY/Engg. CHEM/ Mat. CHEM/M-1/M-2/M-3/M4/BEE/EG/EM/SOM/SA-1/SA-2/GT-1/SURVEY-1/RCC/FM1/FM-2/GT-2/SURVEY-2/ACS/E&C/Adv.RCC/WWWT/ Pavement Design/MOM/TOM/TOS/MOS/DRS/Estimate Address:Plot No.63,Cosmos Town,Near Mahela Bank Trimurtinagar,Trimurtinagar,Nagpur-440022 Contact Number :- +91 7888280720 Email Id:- shah281197@gmail.com Page | 1 Best Wishes SHAH SIR Elective-III : Rural Water Supply & Sanitation

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M.Tech. (Environmental Engineering) Second Semester (C.B.C.S.) ( RTMNU University, Nagpur ) Elective-III : Rural Water Supply & Sanitation (70/20 Marks) Theories:- 70 Marks Numericals:- 0 Marks Syllabus:Unit 1 Concept of environment and scope of sanitation in rural areas. Magnitude of problem of water supply and sanitation – population to be covered and difficulties. National policy. Unit 2 Various approaches for planning of water supply systems in rural areas. Selection and Development of preferred sources of water, springs, wells, infiltration wells, radial wells and infiltration galleries, collection of raw water from surface source. Unit 3 Specific problems in rural water supply and treatment iron, manganese, fluorides etc., Low cost treatment, appropriate technology for water supply and sanitation. Improvised methods and compact system of treatment of surface and ground waters such as MB settlers, slow sand filter, chlorine diffusion cartridges etc. Unit 4 Water supply through spot sources, hand pumps, open dug-wells.,Planning of distribution system in rural areas, Water supply during fairs, festivals and emergencies. Unit 5 Treatment and disposal of wastewater/sewage, Various methods of collection and disposal of night soil. On site sanitation system and community latrines.Simple wastewater treatment system for rural areas and small communities such as stabilization ponds, septic tanks, soakage pits etc., Composting, land filling, Biogas plants. Text / Reference Books:1.Low cost on site sanitation option Hoffman & Occasional Nov. 1981 Paper No. 21. P.O. Box 5500 2280 HM Rijswijk, 2.The Netherlands offices JC Monkeriaan 5 Rijswijk (The Haque). Wagner, EG and Lanoik, 3.N water supply for Rural areas and small communities, Geneva, W.H.O. 1959 Manual of water supply are Treatment, CPHEEO GOI, New Delhi. Page | 6 Best Wishes SHAH SIR Elective-III : Rural Water Supply & Sanitation

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M.Tech. (Environmental Engineering) Second Semester (C.B.C.S.) ( RTMNU University, Nagpur ) Instructions:1. For Topper Read All Questions. 2. For On paper Read All Compulsory & Semi-Compulsory Questions. 3. For Passing Read Only Compulsory Questions. If you passionate in Civil Engineering Join Shah Engineering Classes Trimurtinagar,Nagpur-440022 Shah Sir (Mob- 7888280720) Page | 7 Best Wishes SHAH SIR Elective-III : Rural Water Supply & Sanitation

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M.Tech. (Environmental Engineering) Second Semester (C.B.C.S.) ( RTMNU University, Nagpur ) Unit-01 (14 Marks) Concept of environment and scope of sanitation in rural areas. Magnitude of problem of water supply and sanitation – population to be covered and difficulties. National policy Theories:- 14 Marks Theories:- 14 Marks Ques No.01:- Discuss in detail the concept of environmental and scope of sanitation in rural areas. Or Explain in detail the scope of sanitation in rural areas. Also define concept of environment. (Compulsory For 14 Marks) Ans:- Concept of Environmen:tThe word environment is derived from the french word 'environner' meaning surroundings. Hence, everything surrounding us is called "ENVIRONMENT". Every organism is surrounded by materials and forces that constitute its environment. It is the environment from where every organism must derive its requirement. The environment creates favourable conditions for the existence and development of living organisms. The survival of any organism requires a steady supply of materials and removal of waste products from its environment. The degradation of the environment has become a serious problem for the existence of human beings. Pollution of soil, water and air causes harm to living organisms as well as loss to valuable natural resources. Environmental studies involves educating the people for preserving the quality of environment. Classification of Environment : Broadly speaking environment is of two types: a) Physical or natural environment; and b) Cultural or social environment Physical environment is the product of nature where there is no direct or indirect effect of human activity. Rocks, minerals, temperature, humidity, wind, rain, and other related non-living elements are example of physical environment. Cultural environment is man-made like railways, population density, cultural background of the people, the level of technological development and factors like personal, domestic, religious, educational, means of traisport, market facilities, economic conditions, and policies of the government. The environment has three important constituents: These are: (a) Physical (b) Biological (c) Social Page | 8 Best Wishes SHAH SIR Elective-III : Rural Water Supply & Sanitation

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