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Note for Municipal Solid Waste Management - MSWM By Md_Shahjada_ Alam

  • Municipal Solid Waste Management - MSWM
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Md Shahjada Alam
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M.Tech 2nd Semester Environmental Engineering (C.B.C.S) Municipal Solid Waste Water Management Performance of charity is the key of attaining the estate of a philanthropist Master of Technology (M.Tech) In ( Environmental Engineering ) 2nd SEM C.B.C.S HELPFUL NOTES Subject- Municipal Solid Waste Water Management BY Md Shahjada Alam (Shah) B.E (Civil Engineering) ,M.Tech (Environmental Engineering ,Pursuing) Page | 1 Best Wishes SHAH

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M.Tech 2nd Semester Environmental Engineering (C.B.C.S) Municipal Solid Waste Water Management Dedicated To My Respected Grandfather Late Haji Mohammd Abbas Page | 2 Best Wishes SHAH

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M.Tech 2nd Semester Environmental Engineering (C.B.C.S) Municipal Solid Waste Water Management Municipal Solid Waste Water Management (70/20 Marks) Theories:- 70 Marks Numericals:- 0 Marks Syllabus:Unit 1 Solid waste management and organization. Sources, types, Quantity and composition sampling physical, Chemical and Biological properties. Unit 2 Collection, transportation optimization of routes, tools and Equipment, Transfer station, Volume reduction. Unit 3 Scientific method of disposal, Sanitary landfill, Composting Incineration, anaerobic digestion. Unit 4 Future processing method, pyrolysis, refuse derived fuel. Unit 5 Industrial waste management; reduction, Recycle, Reuse, Recovery and Reporting; hazardous waste management. Text / Reference Books: 1. Solid waste Management in Developing Countries – A.D. Bhide, B.B. Sudresan 2. Municipal Refuse Disposal – Institute of American Public Health Aoosication, Interstate Printer and Publisher inc-Tanvil Elinoy. 3. Solid Waste Management-D Joshep Hangertey, Joseph L. Pavoni. Instructions:1. For Topper Read All Questions. 2. For On paper Read All Compulsory & Semi-Compulsory Questions. 3. For Passing Read Only Compulsory Questions. 4. 5 Units × 5 Questions Each Unit = 25 Questions. Page | 3 Best Wishes SHAH

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M.Tech 2nd Semester Environmental Engineering (C.B.C.S) Municipal Solid Waste Water Management Unit-01(14 Marks) Solid waste management and organization Ques No.01:- Write classification of solid waste based on constituents sources and characteristics. Ques No.02:- Explain various physical, chemical & biological characterisation of solid waste. Ques No.03:- What is solid waste & Solid Waste Management? Write composition of solid waste for a typical Indian city. Ques No.04:- With a flowsheet explain the interrelationship between various functional elements of solid waste management system. Ques No.05:- Explain hierarchy of integrated solid waste management system. Ques No.01:- Write classification of solid waste based on constituents sources and characteristics. Ans:- Classification of solid waste based on constituents sources and characteristics 1.Source-based classification:(i) Residential: This refers to wastes from dwellings, apartments, etc., and consists of leftover food, vegetable peels, plastic, clothes, ashes, etc. (ii) Commercial: This refers to wastes consisting of leftover food, glasses, metals, ashes, etc., generated from stores, restaurants, markets, hotels, motels, auto-repair shops, medical facilities, etc. (iii) Institutional: This mainly consists of paper, plastic, glasses, etc., generated from educational, administrative and public buildings such as schools, colleges, offices, prisons, etc. (iv) Municipal: This includes dust, leafy matter, building debris, treatment plant residual sludge, etc., generated from various municipal activities like construction and demolition, street cleaning, landscaping, etc. (v) Industrial: This mainly consists of process wastes, ashes, demolition and construction wastes, hazardous wastes, etc., due to industrial activities. (vi) Agricultural: This mainly consists of spoiled food grains and vegetables, agricultural remains, litter, etc., generated from fields, orchards, vineyards, farms, etc. (vii) Open areas: this includes wastes from areas such as Streets, alleys, parks, vacant lots, playgrounds, beaches, highways, recreational areas, etc. 2.Type-based classification:Classification of wastes based on types, i.e., physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of wastes. (i)Garbage: This refers to animal and vegetable wastes resulting from the handling, sale, storage, preparation, cooking and serving of food. Garbage comprising these wastes contains putrescible (rotting) organic matter, which produces an obnoxious odour and attracts rats and other vermin. It, therefore, requires special attention in storage, handling and disposal. (ii) Ashes and residues: These are substances remaining from the burning of wood, coal, charcoal, coke and other combustible materials for cooking and heating in houses, institutions and small industrial establishments. When produced in large quantities, as in powergeneration plants and factories, these are classified as industrial wastes. Ashes consist of fine powdery residue, cinders and clinker often mixed with small pieces of metal and glass. Since ashes and residues are almost entirely inorganic, they are valuable in landfills. (iii) Combustible and non-combustible wastes: These consist of wastes generated from households, institutions, commercial activities, etc., excluding food wastes and other highly putrescible material. Typically, while combustible material consists of paper, cardboard, Page | 4 Best Wishes SHAH

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