Armature Windings (Simplex Lap and Simplex Wave), Expression for EMF Induced and Torque developed in the Armature counter Torque and Counter or Back EMF, Methods of Excitation, Armature Reaction, Commutation.
Conditions for Self Excitation, Critical Resistance and Critical Speed. Internal and External Characteristics for self and Separately Excited DC Generator. Characteristic for Speed~ Armature Current, Torque~ Armature Current and Speed~ Torque of a DC Shunt, Series and Compound Motor and Comparison
Synchronous Generator Construction (both Cylindrical Rotor and Salient Pole type), the Speed of Rotation of a Synchronous Generator, Induced voltage in A.C Machines, The Internal Generated Voltage of a Synchronous Generator, The Equivalent Circuit of a Synchronous Generator (Armature Reaction Reactance, Synchronous Reactance and Impedance). Cylindrical Rotor type Three Phase Synchronous Generators: The Phasor Diagram of a Synchronous Generator, Power and Torque in Synchronous Generators (Power Angle Equation and Power Angle Characteristic), Measuring Synchronous Generator Model Parameters (Open Circuit and Short Circuit Tests and Determination of Synchronous Impedance and Reactance, The Short Circuit Ratio), Voltage Regulation and Speed Regulation. Voltage Regulation by Synchronous Impedance Method
Two Reaction Concept, Development of the Equivalent Circuit of a Salient Pole type Three Phase Synchronous Generator (Direct axis and Quadrature axis Reactance, Phasor Diagram for various load power factors,), Torque and Power Equations of Salient Pole Synchronous Generator (Power Angle Equation and Power Angle Characteristic with stator resistance neglected). Slip Test for determination of Direct axis and Quadrature axis Reactance. Parallel operation of Three Phase A.C. Synchronous Generators The Conditions Required for Paralleling, The General Procedure for Paralleling Generators, Frequency - Real Power and Voltage – Reactive Power Characteristics of a Three Phase Synchronous Generator.
Basic Principles of Motor operation, Steady State Synchronous Motor operation, Starting Synchronous Motors, Synchronous Generators and Synchronous Motors, Operation of synchronous motors connected to bus and phasor diagrams for normal, under and over excited conditions, V and Λ curves, Synchronous Motor Ratings. Application.